AP Psychology Chapter 12.4

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flow

a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.

personnel psychology

a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.

organizational psychology

a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change.

structured interviews

interview process that asks the same jobrelevant questions of all applicants, each of whom is rated on established scales.

achievement motivation

a desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard.

task leadership

goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.

social leadership

group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support.

Theory X and theory Y

They are theories of human motivation created and developed by Douglas McGregor at the MIT Sloan School of Management in the 1960s that have been used in human resource management, organizational behavior, and organizational development. They describe two very different attitudes toward workforce motivation. McGregor felt that companies followed either one or the other approach.

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