Slaves. They were further divided into aliping namamahay who were forced into labor because of debts or crimes committed.
Founded the Revolutionary organization Kataastaasang kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK ANB). It was to fight for Philippine Independence.
April 26: Andres and Procopio Bonifacio was arrested for defying the new revolutionary gov't of General Aguinaldo.
May 10: Executed in Maragondon, Cavite.
Pre hispanic belief system of the Philippines.
Jan 17 1900. Apolinario Mabini and other " Undesirable" Filipinos are deported to Guam for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the US. Mabini and General Artemio Ricarte are returned to the Philippines in 1903.
He was deported by defying them through his letters questioning the legality and morality of the American occupation
refers to the legislature of the common wealth of the Philippines (second Republic) from 1943-1945. Created from the Constitution of 1935.
Filipinos belong to this race. The Filipinos is actually a result of the influences of various peoples as an outcome of migration commercial and cultural contacts which took place over thousands of years.
"New Society Movement" A social Party that supported then president Marcos
It is where Jose Rizal, accused of inspiring the Philippine Revolution, was executed. December 30.
Early Filipino Craftmanship, and seamanship during Pre-Colonial times.
burial Jar. Shows the Belief of the Filipinos of Eternal Life.
Basi Revolt of 1807
It was was the cause of the government wine monopoly in 1786. It angered the Ilocanos, because they were used to making their own wine, but now they are forced to buy wine from the government store. The revolt began in Piddig Ilocos on September 16, spread to Badoc and Santo Domingo. They were defeated at San Ildefonso.
Cooper Act (July 1)
Provides for limited self government in the Philippines. Authored by Henry Allen Cooper
Jones Bill (August 29)
The Philippine Autonomy Act is signed into Law, which allows the establisment of a Phlippine Senate. Provided for a 24 member senate and house of reps with 93 members.
Sedition Act (1901)
Filipinos were not allowed to publicly manifest their desire for independence.
Brigandage Act (Tulisan)
changed "insurgents" to bandits. Individuals who continued to resist the Americans were now considered ordinary criminals who could be dealt with by penal laws.
Payne Aldrich Act (1909)
allowed free entry of Philippine products into the U.S. market, at the same time U.S. products, mostly manufactured, were exempted from tariff in the Philippines.
Flag Act (Bandila)
prohibits any colors, or symbols similar to the Katipunan. It also prohibits from playing the National Song
Removed all quotas and established free trade between Philippines and America.
Tydings Mcduffle Act
The Philippine Independence Bill is signed into law, which guaranteed Philippine independence after a 10 year transition
Benigno Aqunio Jr.
exposed a plan to declare martial law with code name Oplan Sagittarius. The plan was decoy which was intended to find out who among the military was supplying Senator Aquino with the Information. September 22, 1972, Defense Secretary Juan Ponse Enrile was reportedly ambushed. This was Marcos' proclamation of Martial law.
Biag ti Lam-ang
Epic poem of the Ilokano People. It is about Lam-ang, a man since birth, can talk.
Albay Province, Luzon. Erupted more than 30 times since 1615, Perfect cone. Ruining the towns of Cagsawa and Daraga.
Located in Zambales. Erupts June 12, 1991.
Ancient Indianized Kingdom in pre-colonial Philippines centered in Mindinao
The Valley came under Aguinaldo's government and by September the revolutionary flag was raised in Batanes.
Austerity Program (curbing grafts and corruption within the gov't); Filipino First Policy (puts the rights of the filipinos first than the Foreigners.
Birthplace of Philippine Independence
Ferdinand Magellan landed in Cebu April 7, 1521.
a form of taxation
Governor of Ilocos Sur since 1998
Brother of Andres
President Marcos and Wife, Imelda
"Constitutional authoritarianism" refers to Ferdinand Marcos' administration between 1972 and 1986. It was when the Philippines was under one-man rule that was legalized by the 1973 constitution.
Led the 1986 Edsa Power People Revolution, toppled President Marcos, and is also the wife of Benigno Aquino Jr.
It is historically significant as being the place where the national hero, Jose Rizal was exiled by the Spaniards and is known as the "Shrine City in the Philippines."
tribal chiefs and monarchs of philippines.
Land Reform Bill: freed many farmers from slavery as tenant farmers
is a dryad and are benevolent or neutral and invoked ritually for positive crop growth, health, and fortune