the language of medicine

30 terms by ulbcingme

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hemoglobin

iron-containing protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen for delivery to cells

erythrocyte

Red blood cell

platelet

a blood cell that assists in blood clotting

stem cell

A cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to various types of blood cells

basophil

White blood cell (leukocyte) containing dark granules that stain with a basic dye.

hematocrit

a measurement of the percentage of packed red blood cells in a given volume of blood

fibrin

Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot

eosinophil

this is a white blood cell whose cytoplasmic granules stain readily with an acidic dye

albumin

Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood

lymphedema

swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues

thymus gland

Gland located near the heart; it aids in the body's defence against infection by making antibodies

anaphylaxis

exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encounted antigen

adenoids

Masses of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx

antibody

protein that defends the body against disease

antigen

substance that triggers an immune response

interstitial fluid

Fluid between cells

immune response

Body's capacity to resist foreign organisms and toxins that can damage tissue and organs; humoral and cell-mediated immunity

hiv

the virus that causes AIDS

aids

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

thalassemia

Inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin

pernicious anemia

Lack of mature red cells due to inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body

aplastic anemia

Failure of blood cell production due to absence of formation of cells in the bone marrow

hemophilia

excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting

thrombocytopenia

a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood

multiple myeloma

malignant tumor of bone marrow cells

hemochromatosis

Excessive deposits of iron throughout the body

cervical nodes

Neck (of the body) region

inguinal nodes

groin lymph nodes

axillary nodes

lymph nodes in the armpit

mediastinal nodes

Space between the lungs and the chest

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