The movement of men and women away from the world to pursue _____ came to be known as ______.
Antony, religious pioneer
_____ of Egypt was a wise _____ _____ who moved to the desert around the year 270.
contemplation, the loving God
In the solitude of the desert the hermits' main focus was prayer, particularly ______ that is, being silently present or attentive to ____ _____ ______.
Basil, rule, communal
_____ was a fourth-century monk and bishop who created a _____ for _____ monastic life.
_____ was a fourth-century hermit monk who translated the whole _____ into Latin.
15, Latin Vulgate
Jerome's translation of the Bible, which took _____ years to complete became known as the _____ ______, the version in the common language of the people of the West.
The primary emphasis of the ancient desert monks and nuns was on a right ____, on ______ at the personal, spiritual level.
Augustine, Ambrose, belief
_____ and _____ were two intellectual giants who focused on right _____.
Ambrose and Augustine are the founders of ______, which is the formal study of ______.
_____ is the application of theology to _____.
Ambrose is best remembered for inspiring a confused young man named _____ to become a _____.
_____ ______ is Augustine's autobiography.
"Our hearts are restless, O Lord, until they rest in you," is a well known saying of _____.
_____ ______, a leading Catholic figure of the twentieth century, lived from 1915-1968. He was as brilliant as Augustine and also restless about what he really wanted in life.
Trapist, Gethsemini, Christian living
Thomas Merton, a member of the _____ monastery at ______, Kentucky, wrote some of the twentieth century's most influential books on _____ ______.
The Seven Story Mountain
Like Augustine, Merton wrote about his conversion in his autobiography entitled _____ _____ _____ _____.
Augustine turned his great learning into writings that challenged two erring groups: the ______ and the ______.
The Donatists held that the validity of a ______ depended on the worthiness of the ______.
The Pelagians held that a person could get to _____ without God's _____.
The City of God
_____ ______ _____ _____ is Augustine's greatest work and is considered one of the most important books ever written in the West.
Leo the Great, papacy
_____ _____ _____, who became pope in 440, shaped the ______ into a force for leadership of the Western world.
Pontifex Maximus, emperors
Leo the Great was the first pope to use the title ______ ______, a title previously used by Roman ______. These Latin words literally mean "highest bridge maker". The English translation is Supreme Pontiff.
______ was an earlier title that came from the Greek word pappas, a respectful but affectionate term for ______.
office, bishop, Rome, spiritual father, state official
When pope (Papa) Leo also became Pontifex Maximus there was a changed understanding of the _____ of the _____ of _____. Leo was a _____ _____ but also a powerful _____ _____.
Council, Chalcedon, Human, Divine
The _____ of _____ in 451 stated that Jesus has two natures, _____ and _____.