NBE Microbiology for Embalming

110 terms by cmmay18

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Staphylococcus aureus is known for causing which of the following:
A. puerperal sepsis
B. Abscesses
C. Food poisoning
D. Both b and e
E. All of the above

Both B and C

Organisms that are ______ must obtain their oxygen from oxygen containing compounds, while ________ need free atmospheric oxygen.
A. aerobes---anaerobes
B. anaerobes---aerobes

B. Anaerobes---aerobes

Gonorrhea is often transmitted via infected objects, because the organism Neisseria gonorrhea survives well outside the body. True or False?

False- Rarely transmitted via infected objects

The anthrax bacillus can enter the body in which of the following ways:
A. inhalation
B. wound contamination
C. ingestion
D. only A and B.
E. all of the above

E. All of the above

The tetanus toxin is less potent than the botulinum toxin. True or False

True

What is the scientific name of plague bacillus?
Salmonella typhi
Yersinia pestis
Francisella tularersis
Bacillus antracis
Haemophilus influenza

Yersinia pestis

Which of the following organisms localizes in the gastrointestinal tract?
Salmonella typhi
Shigella dysenteriae
Escherichia coli
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
All of the above

All of the above

Proteus vulgaris is known to complicate the open wounds of burn victims. True or False

True

Botulism is non-communicable. True or False

True

The etiological agent of rabbit fever is:
Salmonella typhi
Yersinia pestis
Francisella tularensis
All of the above
None of the above

Francisella tularensis

Most zoonic infections are transmitted from animals to humans but can not be transmitted from human to human
True or False

True

The etiological agent of Toxic Shock Syndrome is Streptococcus pyogenes.
True or False

False- Staphylococcus aureus

An attack of Tularemia results in a permanent Naturally Acquired Active Immunity. True or False

True

Gonorrhea reacts well to antibiotics which makes it easy to control this sexually transmitted disease. True or False

False

An atypical type of pneumonia that has been isolated from water supplies, humidifiers and air conditioning equipment is caused by:
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Legionella pneumonphilia
Haemophilus influenzae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Streptococcus pneumoniae

Legionella pneumonphilia

Unlike any other genus all species of the genus Salmonella are capable of producing disease. True or False

True

Typhoid fever can be transmitted by the:
Flea
Fly
Louse
Mosquito
Two of the above

Fly

Which of the following agents does not produce an enterotoxin:
Escherichia coli
Salmonella typhi
Shilla dysenterriae
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Two of the above

Shigella dysenterriae

A secondary invader or opportunist that causes summer diarrhea in infants:
Escherichia coli
Salmonella typhi
Shigella dysenterriae
Proteus vulgaris
All of the above

Salmonella typhi (Escherichia coli, Proteus vilgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa)

A vaccine is available for diphtheria
True or False

True

Lobar pneumonia is the chronic type of this respiratory infection:
True or False

False

The meningococcus usually causes septicemia before it reaches the meninges:
True or False

True

Tetanus is non-communicable as the causative agent that does not have to enter the body:
True or False

True

The portal of entry of most enteric organisms is the mouth. True or False

True

The portal of exit for most respiratory infections is feces and urine. True or False

False

The genus of the etiological agent of lymes disease is:
Treponema
Vibrio
Borrelia
Campylobacter
Leptospira

Borrelia

Treponema pallidum is the causative agent for syphilis. True or False

True

The etiological agent of cholera affects the:
Lungs
Intestines
Kidneys
Brain
Genital tract

Intestines

The bacterial gastroenteritis that rivals salmonellosis is caused by a vibrio and called:
Vibrio cholerae
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella enteriditis
Shigella dysenteriae
None of the above

Vibrio cholerae

Tertiary stage of syphilis is marked by a lesion called:
Chancre
Snuffles
Gumma
Abscess
Rhagades

Gumma

Lyme disease is transmitted by the:
Flea
Louse
Fly
Tick
Mosquito

Tick

Leptospirosis is a zoonic infection that can be transmitted from person to person
True or False

False- not transmitted from person to person

The etiological agent of Primary Atypical Pneumonia (PAP) is:
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Legionella pneumophilia
Haemophilus influenza
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Vibrio cholerae exists the body by way of nasal and buccal secretions. True or False

False

Droplet spray or droplet infection is the primary way respiratory infections are transmitted. True or False

True

The major symptom of Weils disease is a fever
True or False

True

Copper colored rash, loss of hair and influenza like symptoms are evident when infected with:
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Borrelia burgdorferi
Treponema pallidum
Francisella Tularesis

Treponema pallidum

Yersinia pestis is transmitted by way of
The bite of the rat
The bite of the rat tick
The bite of the rat flea
Close contact with someone who has the
plague
None of the above

The bite of the rat flea

Legionellosis is not normally transmitted from person to person
True or False

True

Blood tests will be positive for syphilis in the latent stage
True or False

True

The bulls eye rash is associated with which of the following infections
Scarlet fever
Secondary stage syphilis
Typhoid fever
Lyme disease
Tularemia

Lymes disease

Which infection is not transmitted by way of the fecal-oral route
Campylobacteriosis
Shigellosis
Summer diarrhea in infants
Typhoid fever
None of the above

None of the above

General paresis is associated with which of the following infections
Syphillis
Gonorrhea
Meningitis
Typhoid fever
All of the above

Syphillis

The agent that causes cholera is spirochete.
True or False

False

Of the following bacteria infections which is cause by a rod shaped organism
Campylobacteriosis
Gas gangrene
Strep throat
Peurperal Sepsis
Gonorrhea

Gas gangrene

Neisseria can cause venereal disease and infection in the blood and eventually the brain. True or False

True

The etiological agent that is rod-shaped, anaerobic and causes food intoxication is
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Clostridium perfingens
Neisseria meningitis
Corynebacterium diptheriae
Mycobacterium avium

Clostridium perfinges

Lobar pneumonia is the acute form of this infection.
True or False

True

Which of the following microbes will cause the plague
Bacillus anthracis
Proteus plague
Francisella tulerensis
Shigella dysenteriae
Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pestis

The enteric infectious agent shaped like a comma that is often transmitted by raw or partially infected fish or shelfish is
Vibrio cholerae
Campylobacter jejuni
Salmonella enteriditis
Shigella dysenteriae
Escherichia coli

Vibrio cholerae

Rickettsia rickettsii normally localizes in the
Skin
Blood vessels
The bite of the tick
Gastrointesinal tract
Respiratory tract

Blood vessel

The etiological agent causing endemic typhus is
Rickettsia prowazekii
Rickettsia typhi
Coxiella burnettii
Rickettsia rickettsii
None of these

Rickettsia prowazekii

Most Rickettsia are not transmitted from human to human
True or False

True

The infectious agent known to be transmitted by a vector that bites the host and causes a "bulls eye" rash is
Leptospira interrogans
Rickettsia rickettsii
Borrella burgdorferi
Coxiella burnettii
All of the above

Borrella burgdorferi (agent of lymes disease)

Spores that are in the process of returning to the vegetative state are described as
Sporulating
Germinating
Facultative
Vegetative

Germinating

Facultative anaerobes prefer obtaining their oxygen from the free atmospheric oxygen
True or False

True

What is the genus of the organism causing Opthalmia neonatorum
Staphylococcus
Steptococcus
Shigella
Neisseria
Bacillus

Neisseria

What is the species of the zoonotic organism whose cell wall has a high lipid content, described as acid fast, and is found as an opportunist in AIDS
Interrogans
Bacillus
Avium
Tularensis
Pesfis

Avium

Tularemia commonly localizes in the lymph nodes of the body and may be transmitted by the tick, flies, lice, horseflies and deer flies
True or False

True

The causative agent of ornithosis is a member of the genus
Campylobactor
Rickettsis
Coxiella
Chlamydia
Borrelia

Clamydia

What is the vector associated with Rickettsia typhi
Louse
Fly
Tick
Flea

Flea

Which stage is syphilis may be characterized by flu like symptoms
Incubation
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
None of the above

Secondary

Which species is the reason for the most common nosocomial infections
Typhi
Aureus
Jejuni
Pneumoniae

Aureus

Cellulitis is the typical lesion for the species
Pyogenes
Pneumoniae
Trachomatis
Typhi
None of the above

Pyogenes

The smallest free living self replicating units that do not have a cell wall are members of the Genus Mycoplasma
True of False

True

A faculative anaerobe is an organism that grows best in the absence of atmospheric oxygen but can live and thrive in free atmospheric conditions
True or False

False

A secondary invader that delays the repair of wounds and the causative agent of secondary infections of burns is associated with the Genus
Pseudomonas
Klebsiella
Proteus
All of the above
None of the above

Proteus

Tuberculosis in adults will normally spread to the lungs, lymph nodes, joints and meninges True or False

False

Tetanus is non-communicable
True or False

True

Neurosyphilis is characterized by all but one of the following
Tabes Dorsalis
Syphilitic rhagades
General Paresis
Meningovascular Syphillis
Locomotor Ataxia

Syphilitic rhagades

Ringworm of the groin is also known as
Tinea capitis
Tinea barbae
Tinea cruris
Tinea pedis
All of the above

Tinea Cruris

Pregnant woman should limit their exposure to cats because toxoplasma may be transmitted across the placenta to the fetus
True or False

True

Which of the following dermatropic viruses has lacrimal secretions as a portal of ext?
Rubella
Rubeola
Variola
Vaccina
None of the above

Rubeola

Small pox is not a major concern to funeral directors because the dead are NOT a source of infection
True or False

False

There are two types of herpes simplex virus: Type 1 that enters the ______ and type 2 that enters the ______
genital tract-----mouth
mouth----genital tract

mouth---genital tract

HCV is the only hepatitis virus without a vaccine
True or False

True

Which disease is associated with hydrophobia because the sight of water may cause the throat muscles to spasm in infected patients?
Hantavirus
Viral encephalitis
Rabies
Cow pox
CMV

Rabies

Which zoonic infection has a vaccine for horses, but not for humans?
Rabies
Rocky mountain spotted fever
Cow pox
Viral encephalitis
Small pox

Viral encephalitis

Member of the Genus Staphylococcus are often members of the normal flora, so it is common to find some Staphylococcus aureus in the mouth nose or throat
True or False

True

Which virus is seen as a frequent complication in AIDS patients
CMV
Rubeola
HSV II
Acute Coryza
Glandular fever

CMV

Many of the dermatropic viruses are marked by fever, rash and respiratory symptioms.
True or False

True

The viscerotropic virus that is acute with enlargement of the lymph nodes and spleen that causes sore throat and fever is
infectious mononucleosis
Glandular fever
Hepatitis C
Parotitis

Glandular fever/Mononucleosis

Which is not a dermatropic virus?
Rubeola
Rubella
Coryza
Varicella
Vacioii

Coryza

Which of the following is a veneral viral disease?
Hanta
HBV
HSV II
HSV I
NGU

HSV II

Which of the following can cause can cause catarrahal inflammations
Rubeola
Rubella
HSV I
Vaccina
Two of the above

Rubeola & Rubella

There is no known immunity to the hanta virus
True or false

True

A vaccine to prevent HSV is available
True or False

True

CMV can affect any organism in the body and can enter any orifice of the body and can enter via blood transfusions
True or False

True

Mumps exits the body by nasal and buccal secretions or secretions from the nose and mouth True or False

True

Immunity to acute coryza is permanent True or False

False

A virus that attacks the nervous system may cause
Stiff neck
Irritability
Fever
Loss of consciousness
All of these

All of the above

Another name for mumps is parotitis
True or False

True

Non A Non B Hepatitis is primarily transmitted via the parenteral
True or False

True

Although measles is a dermotropic virus it enters the body primarily through the nose and mouth via droplet infection
True or False

True

An example of local infection is mumps, while an example of a general virus is chicken pox
True or False

True

A lifelong immunity occurs after an infection of measles True or False

True

Which virus is transmitted via fecal oral route
HSV I
HAV
HBV
CMV
HSV II

HAV

HAV is an occupational hazard to funeral directors while HBV is not
True or False

False

Viral encephalitis is often spread by the Anapholas mosquito
True or False

False

There is a vaccine for poliomyelitis and all attacks of the disease will result in permanent immunity
True or False

False

Serum hepatitis is transmitted via contaminated foods
True or False

False

A virus that is similar to HBV but is transmitted by blood transfusions and can cross the placenta to the fetus
CMV
HSV I
Mumps
Polio
HAV

CMV

Chicken pox

Varicella

Common cold

Acute Coryza

Cow Pox

Vaccinia

Kissing disease

Mononucleosis

Non A Non B Hepatitis

HCV

Rubeola

Measles

Shingles

Herpes zoster

Variola

Small pox

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