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RONDO

Compositional form featuring a main theme (A) which returns several times in alternation with other themes, such as ABACA and ABACABA

OPUS

(Op.) A number, often part of the title of apiece, designating the work in chronological relationship to other works by the same composer

SYMPHONY

Large work for orchestra, generally in three or more movements

LIBRETTO

Text, or script, of an opera, prepared by a librettist

MINUET AND TRIO

Compositional form in three parts (ABA), sometimes used as the third movement in classical and romantic symphonies, string quartets, and other works. Usually in triple meter, with a faster tempo than a minuet.

CHAMBER MUSIC

Music using a small group of musicians, with one player to a part

OPERA BUFFA

Italian comic opera, sung throughout

SCHERZO

Compositional form in three parts. often used as the third movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works, it is in triple meter and usually in moderate tempo.

ENSEMBLE

In opera, a piece sung by three or more solo singers

SONATA

Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble

OPERA SERIA

Tragic Italian opera

THEME AND VARIATION

Form in which a basic musical idea (the theme) is repeated over and over and is changed each time in melody, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, or tone color. Used as independent piece or as one movement of a larger work

PATRONAGE SYSTEM

Sponsorship of an artist or a musician, historically by a member of the wealthy or ruling classes

GALANT STYLE

Decorative light, ornate style prevalent in 18th century French courts during the Rococo period

CODA

The last part of a piece, a concluding section following the recapitulation and rounding off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further

SONATA FORM

Form of a single movement, consisting of three main sections: the exposition, the development and the recapitulation. A concluding section, the coda, often follows the recapitulation.

1770-1820

The fully developed classical style in music flourished during the period

HOMOPHONIC

The texture of classical music is basically

GRADUAL DYNAMIC CHANGE (CRESCENDO AND DIMINUENDO)

Because of their interest in expressing shades of emotion, classical composers frequently used...

-flavoring their serious compositions with folk and popular music
-writing comic operas that sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy
-writing dance music for public balls

Composers in the classical period took middle-class tastes into account by...

DIVERTIMENTOS

Haydn and Mozart wrote many outdoor entertainment pieces, which they called...

STRINGS, PAIRS OF WOODWINDS, HORNS, TRUMPETS, AND TIMPANI

The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of...

SONATA FOR ORCHESTRA

A symphony is a...

FIRST, SLOW, FINAL FAST

Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the _____ movement of a multimovement work

RECAPITULATION

Sonata form consists of three main sections, exposition, development, and ...

BRIDGE

A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the

THE SECOND THEME IS IN A NEW KEY

In the exposition of a sonata-form movement

-was the fourth-largest city in Europe
-was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire
-had a population of almost 250,000

Vienna in 1800

BRIDGE

A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a...

BRIDGE

A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the...

MOTIVES

Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called

ALL THE PRINCIPAL MATERIAL IS IN THE TONIC KEY

In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement...

RONDO

Which of the following is not part of a sonata form movement?

A SET OF PRINCIPLES THAT SERVE TO SHAPE AND UNIFY CONTRASTS OF THEME AND KEY

Sonata form should be viewed as...

AA'A"A"'A""

Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as

ABA

The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in ____ form.

THIRD

The form known as minuet and trio is employed as the ____ movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works.

DANCE AT THE COURT OF LOUIS XIV OF FRANCE

The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n)

STATELY AND DIGNIFIED

The character of the minuet is best described as

ABA

The minuet as a whole may be outline as...

SCHERZO

In many of Beethoven's work, there is a ____ movement instead of the minuet

MOVES MORE QUICKLY

The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it...

SERENADE

A _____ is a musical composition that is usually light in mood, and meant for evening entertainment.

ABACABA

The rondo may be schematically outlined as...

ABACA

Another common rondo pattern is

FINALE

Because of its liveliness, regularity, and buoyancy, the rondo most often serves as a

IS USUALLY IN THE TONIC KEY

The main theme of a rondo

IS USUALLY AS LATE AS THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

The rondo was used

FAST, SLOW, DANCE-RELATED, FAST

The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is

SONATA

The first movement of a classical symphony is most often fast, and in ___ form

SECOND

The lyrical slow movement of a symphony is most often the...

SECOND

Unlike the other movements in the symphony, the _____ movement is generally not in the tonic key.

-is most often in sonata or sonata-rondo form
-is usually fast, lively, and brilliant, but somewhat lighter in mood than the opening movement
-is always in the tonic key of the symphony

The last movement of a classical symphony...

AN INSTRUMENTAL SOLOIST AND ORCHESTRA

A concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for

FAST SLOW FAST

A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is

PIANO

The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the

MINUET OR SCHERZO

The classical concerto differs form the symphony in that it does not have a _____ movement.

A CADENZA

A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer's virtuosity is called

FOR THE INTIMATE SETTING OF A SMALL ROOM

Classical chamber music is designed...

IS PERFORMED BY ONE PLAYER PER PART

A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music

STRING QUARTET

The most important form of classical chamber music is the...

FAST, SLOW, MINUET OR SCHERZO, FAST

The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is...

VIOLIN, CELLO, AND PIANO

The piano trio is a musical composition for...

ORFEO

Which of the following is not one of Mozart's three masterpieces of Italian opera?

THE LEGENDARY SPANISH LOVER

Don Giovanni, in Mozart's opera of that name, is...

CLASSICAL, ROMANTIC

The musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the ____ and ____ periods.

SONATA FOR ORCHESTRA

A symphony is a...

NEW TIME SIGNATURE

At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a...

THE BASSO CONTINUO WAS THE NUCLEUS OF THE INSTRUMENTAL ENSEMBLE

Which of the following statements is not true of the music of the music of the classical period?

RIDICULED THE ARISTOCRACY

In the classical period, comic operas sometimes

THE TERM SONATA FORM REFERS TO THE FORM OF A SINGLE MOVEMENT, AND IT SHOULD NOT BE CONFUSED WITH THE TERM SONATA, WHICH IS USED FOR A WHOLE COMPOSITION MADE UP OF SEVERAL MOVEMENTS

Which of the following statements is not true?

RETAINS SOME ELEMENTS OF THE THEME

Each successive variation in a theme with variations

IN THE TONIC KEY

The return of the main theme in rondo form is all the more welcome because it is

A MUSICAL COMPOSITION FOR SOLO INSTRUMENT AND ORCHESTRA

Which of the following is not true of the symphony?

KEY IN THREE OF ITS FOUR MOVEMENTS

Unity is achieved in the classical symphony partly by the use of the same...

-usually consists of four movements
-is the most important form in classical chamber music
-is written for two violins, viola, and cello

The string quartet

BALANCE, ORDER, AND ELEGANCE

The overriding traits of classicism in music are...

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