The smallest unit of living things that can perform all life processes
The "Father of Microscopy"
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
The first person to use the word "cell" to describe these small units of life
Discovered that all plants are made of cells
Discovered that all animals are made of cells
Discovered that all living things come from other living things. He disproved spontaneous generation.
Adjusts the amount of light that is let in
Allows the objectives to be switched when viewing
The outer boundary of a cell
Chloroplasts and cell wall
Animal cells do not have these two things in their cells.
The clear liquid that the organelles reside in
Most plant cells do not have this
These are found in the nucleus; they contain DNA
The organelles where photosynthesis take place
Release energy for a cell and are called the powerhouses of a cell
A small sphere inside of the nucleus that produces ribosomes
Tiny spheres that make proteins; some are attached to endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Do not have ribosomes attached to them; they make and package proteins
These are much larger in plant cells than in animal cells
Separates the nucleus from the rest of the cell
Tube like structures with tiny sacs at their ends; they help package proteins
Takes place in the mitochondria; the process of cells using oxygen to release energy
Results in energy being released in a cell without oxygen
Diffusion of water through a membrane
When energy must be used to move materials through a membrane
Large bit of material is captured within a pocket of the membrane; brings the material in the cell
Large bit of material is expelled through a "package" that merges with the cell membrane
This cell has a nucleus and the DNA is located in it.
This cell does not have a nucleus and the DNA is located in the cytoplasm.
An organism made of one cell
An organism made of more than one cell
Made of DNA wrapped around proteins
The cytoplasm divides during this phase
Prokaryotic, unicellular organisms; the cell division is the reproduction. A form of asexual reproduction.
Organisms develop tiny buds on their bodies which grow into a complete organism and then breaks free. A form of asexual reproduction.
New tissue growth at the site of a long limb. A form of asexual reproduction.
Genetic material from two parents; allows for great diversity