5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Atlantic Charter
- George Wallace
- Flexible Response
- a WWII largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War. high casualties, one of later battles on war
- b 1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
- c Demanding service at whites-only place. Make a statement w/ large #s.
- d Rather than relying on a limited number of responses in case of military response, Kennedy broadened his choices of retaliation. This was seen most clearly in the establishment of the Green Brigadier and Strategic Air Command which could be deployed on command. The whole concept of Flexible response was a modification of massive retaliation, creating a plan for effective action.
- e Third-party ticket of the 1968 elections. American Independent party. Headed by Wallace, former governor of Alabama. Preached segregation. Speaking behind a bullet-proof screen, he called for putting the blacks into their place (with bayonets if necessary). Proposed smashing North Vietnam to smithereens by "bombing them back to the Stone Age." (9,906,473 popular votes / 46 electoral votes / Southern votes.)
5 Multiple choice questions
- code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
- Pushed for years to dismantle the legal underpinnings of segregation and now enjoyed some success. In 1944, the Supreme Court riled the "white primary" unconstitutional.
- Eisenhower first coined this phrase when he warned American against it in his last State of the Union Address. He feared that the combined lobbying efforts of the armed services and industries that contracted with the military would lead to excessive Congressional spending.
- 1937 Japanese bomb US gunboat while on Chinese river. Public outrage, japan apologizes +pays.
- Ordered by truman, civil rights. Did little in other areas to promote racial equality, except for this. Had not said anything of his racial views in campaign. Felt bad that though Blacks fought in war to save country, they still came back unappreciated. Partially due to NAACP protest for equality, but Truman was still willing.
5 True/False questions
Sputnik → Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (created from the Manila Pact). (1954) The formal institution of SEATO was established at a meeting of treaty partners in Bangkok in February 1955. Primarily invented to protect against further communist invasion of Southeast Asia.
Good Neighbor policy → fighting between mexican immigrants and americans, social tensions
March on Washington 1963 → Martin Luther King speech "I Have a Dream" given. March for Black rights.
Central High school 1957 → Little Rock Central High School was the first desegregated school. The resistance to this integration was so strong, Governor Faubus had to call in the national guard to maintain the peace, but they were ordered to withdraw by the US court. This had been the first time since the Civil War that the national guard had to be called to maintain the order. Mayor, Woodrow Mann, urged aid from Eisenhower who sent the 101 Airborne Division to escort the 9 students to school through the protesting crowds.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg → communists who received international attention when they were executed having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage in relation to passing information on the American atomic bomb to the Soviet Union