Chapter 35 - Female Reproductive System

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Chapter 35 - Female Reproductive System

Which of the following is not an accessory sex organ of the female reproductive system?

Ovary; it is an essential organ.

The tube connecting the ovaries to the uterus is called the:

uterine tubes, oviducts, fallopian tubes. All of the above are correct.

Which of the following structures is not classified as internal genitals of the female reproductive system?

Vulva

The fundus of the uterus is the:

area above where the tubes enter.

The layer of the uterus from which tissue is sloughed during menstruation is the:

endometrium.

The layer that is incomplete because it covers none of the cervix and only part of the body is called the:

parietal peritoneum.

Which of the following is not a division of the uterine tubes (fallopian tubes)?

Fundus

The process of egg formation is called:

oogenesis.

The uterus is suspended between two folds of parietal peritoneum that form a partition across the pelvic cavity. These ligaments are _____ ligaments.

broad

Which of the following uterine ligaments form a deep pouch known as the posterior cul-de-sac of douglas?

Posterior

The region between the vaginal orifice and the anus is called the:

perineum.

Which of the following is not true concerning the uterus?

It produces estrogen. Not true!

The funnel-shaped, open-ended portion of the oviduct is called the:

infundibulum.

Fertilization of an ovum most often occurs in the:

fallopian tube..

Each of the following structures is a part of the vulva except the:

perineum.

The greater vestibular glands are also called _____ glands.

Bartholin

The urethral orifice is _____ to the vagina opening.

anterior

Salpingitis is inflammation of the:

fallopian tubes

The division of the uterine tube that has an outer margin that resembles a fringe is called the:

infundibulum.

The final stage in the process of ovarian follicle development is the:

corpus albicans.

Which of the following is not true of the vagina?

It is a passageway for urine. Not true!

The part of the vulva that is composed of erectile tissue and is located just behind the junction of the labia minora is called the:

clitoris.

Which of the following hormones causes ejection of milk into the mammary ducts, making it accessible for the infant?

Oxytocin

The hormone that causes the alveoli of the mammary glands to secrete milk is:

Prolactin

During a 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation would be most likely to occur on day _____ of the cycle.

14

The follicular phase of the menstrual cycle is the same as the:

postmenstrual phase.

The phase of the menstrual cycle that occurs between the expulsion of the ovum from the ovary and the onset of menses is the _____ phase.

luteal

The hormone that causes the follicle to rupture and the egg to be expelled is:

luteinizing hormone (LH).

The postmenstrual phase of the menstrual cycle is also called:

the follicular phase.

Which of the following is not a synonym for the premenstrual phase?

Estrogen phase

What is the name of the so-called "ovulating hormone"?

Luteinizing hormone

Shortly before menstruation:

blood levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease.

The average age at which menopause occurs is _____ years.

45 to 50. Like we need a reminder.

A high blood concentration of estrogens:

stimulates epithelial cells of the endometrium to proliferate.

The increase in blood estrogens during the postmenstrual phase of the menstrual cycle produces all of the following changes in the uterus except:

decreased myometrial contractions. They increase.

During the postovulatory phase of the cycle, the greatest percentage of progesterone is produced by the:

corpus luteum.

The female reproductive system differs from the male reproductive system in that it: provides protection for the developing offspring.

provides protection for the developing offspring; provides nutrition to the developing offspring. does both B and C.

Which of the following is not part of the primary egg follicle?

Germinal epithelium.

Which of the following does not contribute to the increase in the thickness of the endometrium during the endometrial cycle?

A) Growth of the endometrium B) Fluid retention in theendometrium C) Endometrial gland growth D) All of the above contribute to the increase in the thickness of the endometrium during the endometrial cycle.

Which of the following organs is not considered part of the "duct system" of the female reproductive system?

Vagina, Uterine tubes, Uterus. All of the above are considered part of the "duct system."

Which of the following structures is not in the urogenital triangle of the perineum?

Anus. It has its own damned triangle.

Which of the following is not true of the ovaries?

They are attached to the uterine ducts.

Which of the following structures is not involved with the development of the ova in the ovary?

Corpus albicans

Which of the following functions is not usually associated with the uterus?

Fertilization.

Going from the ovary to the uterus, the sequence of the divisions of the uterine tubes is:

fimbriae, infundibulum, ampulla and isthmus.

Which of the following glands is not part of the vulva?

The greater vestibular glands, Skene glands, Bartholin glands. All of the above glands are part of the vulva.

Which of the following statements is not true about the mechanism controlling lactation?

Prolactin stimulates the ejection of milk into the ducts of the mammary glands. The correct answer is oxytocin.

Which of the following is the least predictable method of determining ovulation time?

The length of previous cycles

An episiotomy is an incision made:

in the perineum.

An ectopic pregnancy can occur in the:

pelvic cavity, uterine tubes. Either B or C are correct.

Which of the following is not found in the medulla of the ovary?

Ovarian follicles

Which of the following is not a function of the ovary?

It produces follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Not true; it's the pituitary gland.

Which of the following is not a layer of the endometrium of the uterus?

Stratum myometrium

The inner most layer of the wall of the uterus is the stratum:

compactum

Which part of the uterus opens into the vagina?

External os

Which of the following ligaments does not assist in holding the ovaries in place?

Round.

The medulla of the ovary contains:

blood vessels and lymphatics

Which of the following ligaments that support the uterus is a single ligament?

posterior

At puberty, the reproductive hormones stimulate the organs of the reproductive tract. Which statement best describes what happens to the ovaries at this time?

The ovaries become functional and produce mature ova one at a time.

What are the factors that explain why a woman is fertile only a few days out of each monthly cycle?

(1) Sperm usually cannot survive in the female reproductive tract for more than a few days, (2) an ovum must unite with a sperm within 12 hours after ovulation, before it reaches the uterus, so it will be ready for implantation, and (3) the cyclical mechanisms of female reproductive function limit the release of ova.

Why might salpingitis cause infertility?

It can cause obstruction of the lumen and marked dilation at the end of the uterine tube, preventing the ovum from entering the uterine tube.

It is not uncommon for at least some fibers of the levator ani to become stretched or damaged in women who have experienced vaginal delivery of a full-term infant. What are the possible results of this damage?

Urinary or feca incontinence, prolapse of the uterus into the vagina, or rectal prolapse through the anus.

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