Excess body fat increases chronic disease and health risks. One of these diseases is sleep apnea and is defined as
Excess weight in the upper body-particulary around the lungs and pharynx
All of the following are true about contributors to energy expenditure except
fidgeting accounts for 40 percent of total energy expenditure.
The method for determining energy expenditure that involves the measurement of heat given off by the body during a select period of time in an insulated chamber is
Xenical is a weight loss drug that works in the digestive system
to block digestion of about one-third of the fat in the food we eat.
When attempting to use body fat content to define obesity, body fat above ____ for women warrants an obesity diagnosis.
When attempting to use body fat content to define obesity, body fat above ____ for men warrants an obesity diagnosis.
When individuals lose weight quickly, most of the weight lost is from
water, glycogen, and muscle tissue.
Changing one's frame of mind related to weight control and nutrition is called
Choosing a diet low in sodium means knowing which foods are high in sodium and which foods are low in sodium. Which item has the highest level of sodium
Hypertension is defined as a systolic/diastolic blood pressure at or above ___________ mm Hg.
Joe is a wrestler and during his workouts he loses 2 pounds. How much water would he have to drink to replenish this water weight loss?
The DASH diet for reduction of hypertension
recommends 2-3 servings per day of low-fat dairy products
When a cell membrane is damaged by free radicals, which specific component of the cell membrane is damaged?
To bolster immune function, evidence supports
consuming 5 - 9 servings of a variety of fruits and vegetables per day.
Which fat-soluble vitamin is important for the health of epithelial cells because it promotes mucus production?
Dark green or orange vegetables and/or fruits are recommended at least every other day to provide a source of
A variety of factors can increase or decrease osteoporosis risk. Indicate which person is at the highest risk for osteoporosis.
Female, smokes, slender frame, and sedentary lifestyle.
To prevent bone loss, a woman at risk for osteoporosis could
increase weight-bearing exercise.
increase dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D.
consult a physician about estrogen replacement.
Adequate folate intake during pregnancy is imperative for the prevention of neural tube defects like spina bifida. Which option below has the greatest amount of folate per serving?
Prenatal vitamin with 400 micrograms of folate
This vitamin, when consumed during pregnancy, can help prevent neural tube defects like spina bifida.
How many sources of non-heme iron are in the following meal: Tuna sandwich on enriched bread with milk and an apple.
What is the name of the high energy compound that cells use directly to fuel other chemical reactions?
Anaerobic glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities lasting
30 seconds to 2 minutes
Which of the following is true about protein as an energy source?
The need for protein as an energy source is greater for endurance athletes than for those who body build or lift weights.
If an athlete's body fat level is too high, what is the best weight loss approach?
Eat about 200 to 500 kcalories less per day.
involves a tapering in the intensity of workouts with a corresponding increase in the percentage of carbohydrate intake.
Which of the following is true about the protein intake for athletes?
Most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their protein needs.
If a woman athlete is not menstruating regularly, she should do all the following except
exercise more intensely.