AP Music Theory Review Chps 1-3

33 terms by jseys 

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Fundamentals, meter, and scales/keys/modes

simple duple

2/2, 2/4, 2/8 etc are examples of ____ time.

simple triple

3/16, 3/8, etc are examples of ___ time.

simple quadruple

4/16, 4/8 are examples are ____ time.

compound duple

6/8, 6/4, 6/2 are examples of ___ time.

compound triple

9/16, 9/8, 9/4 are examples of ___ time.

compound quadruple

12/8,12/2 are examples of ___ time.

asymmetrical

7/8 is an example of a/an ____ meter.

WWHWWWH

The major scale's pattern of W/H steps

WHWWHWW

The natural minor's pattern of W/H steps

G

The tonality of G major

major

The modality of G major

scalar variance

the use of natural, harmonic, and melodic minor within one composition

7

Harmonic minor raises the _th scale degree of the natural minor.

6, 7

Melodic minor raises the _th and _th scale degree of the natural minor.

subtonic

name of 7th scale degree in natural minor

raised submediant

name of 6th scale degree in melodic minor, a whole step and a half below the tonic

1,3,5,2,6,4,7

Order of stable ->active tones ([commas in between each])

Half step relationships to the most stable tones 1 and 3

Why are 4 and 7 the most active tones?

artificial

scale that requires the use of accidentals outside of the key signature

diminished (octatonic)

scale with alternating whole- and half-step intervals, featuring four pairs of tritones

anhemitonic pentatonic scale

5-tone scale with no half steps (and thus no active tones)

C-D-E-G-A

most common "mode"/notes in an anhemitonic pentatonic scale (can be rotated)

tritone

diminished fifth or augmented fourth

1-b3-4-b5-5-b7

blues scale in relation to the major scale

ionian, dorian, phrygian, lydian, mixolydian, aeolian, locrian (I Don't Particularly Like My Aunt LOuise).

order of church modes

ionian

church mode equivalent of major scale

aeolian

church mode equivalent of natural minor scale

dorian (adds one sharp), phrygian (adds one flat), aeolian

minor church modes

lydian (adds one sharp), mixolydian (adds one flat), ionian

major church modes - tonic triads are all major

4/4

common time

2/2

cut time

2/2

alla breve (numerical time sig?)

pad MIL

major/minor mode mnemonic

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