Chapter Fifteen US History - Reformers

33 terms by dmccollough 

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Social reform

organized attempt to improve what is unjust or imperfect in society

Free will

Idea that humans make choices which can affect their salvation

Revival meeting

a large religious gathering which went on for days and was marked by high emotion, preaching, singing, and conversions

Frederick Douglass

Former slave and abolitionist who published the North Star newspaper and spoke out publically

Temperance movement

Organized campaign against alcohol abuse

American Colonization Society

Group of abolitionists working to provide a homeland in Africa for freed slaves

The Liberator

William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist newspaper

Women's rights movement

organized campaign for equal rights for women

Transcendentalism

A belief that the most important truths in life are beyond human reason; thus emotion and feelings and people being in control of their own lives are important

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Well educated speaker adn worker for women's rights; helped plan the Seneca Falls Convention

Hudson River School

Group of American artists who painted landscapes of upper New York State

Liberia

African nation created as a homeland for freed slaves

Seneca Falls Convention

19th century convention designed to secure equal rights for women

Dorothea Dix

Sought to improve conditions for the mentally ill and prisoners

Harriet Tubman

Escaped slave and the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad

Lucretia Mott

Early advocate for women's rights even as she raised a large family

Predestination

idea that God decides in advance who will receive salvation

Susan B. Anthony

Women's rights activist who traveled widely and spoke

William Lloyd Garrison

White abolitionist who published The Liberator and even burned a copy of the Constitution

Underground railroad

organized system of abolitionists and safe houses designed to help escaping slaves reach freedom in the North and Canada

Nathanial Hawthorne

Puritan writer of The Scarlet Letter

James Monroe

US President who helped found the nation of LIberia

James Fenimore Cooper

Wrote the Deerslayer and the Last of the Mohicans

Horace Mann

Educator who reformed schools in Massachusetts by helping fund schools and teacher training

Henry David Thoreau

Transcendentalist who spent a year alone at Walden Pond and wrote Walden as a result

Second Great Awakening

early 19th century religious movement which stressed that people could save their souls through their own actions and choices

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Most famous American essayist and the leading transcendentalist

Abolitionist

one who opposes the practice of slavery

Walt Whitman

Poet who wrote about the nation and diversity in Leaves of Grass

Emily Dickinson

America's most famous female poet who published about 1,700 poems

Thomas Cole

Member of the Hudson River School and famous for landscape paintings

Washington Irving

Wrote Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

Sojourner Truth

Escaped slave who traveled and spoke out against slavery and for women's rights

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