Knots and Knot tying

21 terms by tapgeek94

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OCU- Stage Lighting- Spring 2013- Mooney- Exam 2

standing end

long end- part not knotted

standing part

btwn standing end and knot

tail

short end- part getting knotted aka running or working end

loop

made when rope forms partial circle w/ ends crossing each other

overhand loop

tail over standing part/end

underhand loop

tail under standing part/end

bight

made by folding a piece of rope so that two parts light along each other; when tied near ropes end the parts will be the tail lying beside standing end; u shape- you bit me

mnemonic for bight

u bit me

elbow

2 crossing its created by extra twist in loop (double loop)

turn

one pass of the rope around/ thru an object

round turn

two passes of a rope round an object to completely encircle it- end up w/ 2 ends facing same direction

types of knots

bend, hitch, stopper knot

bend

i.e. square, bowline; joins two ropes or lines together

hitch

attaches rope to something; clove hitch, belaying knot

stopper knot

knot in end of rope used to prevent fraying or to prevent the end from passing thru a hole; i.e. figure 8 knot

basic knots

overhand knot, half hitch, half knot

square knot

2 pieces of same sized rope, not completely safe under load; L over R, R over L; both ends end up on top- symmetrical

bowline knot

bunny up thru hole, around tree, back into hole; good for attaching handles or caribiners; standing end is tree; overhand loop 1st

clovehitch knot

needs to be around something- good for tying rope to pipe; slip free version of half hitch; make turn, cross turn over standing part; won't fail

belaying knot/ cleat hitch

in theatre tie them to belaying pins; suspending something above stage; pulley system- use this to secure the rope; essentially series of figure 8s

figure 8 knot

basic stopper hitch; used to keep the tail from slipping thru

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