Chapter 11 extra questions

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Every two years, ___ of the Senate must stand for reelection:

One-third

Until 1913, U.S. senators were selected by:

State legislatures

Each of the 435 congressional districts in the House Representatives must be:

Equal in population

Shortly after World War 1, President Woodrow Wilson submitted to the Senate the Treaty of Versailles, which contained the charter for the proposed League of Nations. The Senate took the following action on the proposed treaty:

The Senate rejected the proposed treaty

Since 1950, ____ of all House incumbents running for office have been reelected:

About 90 percent

The American Public generally:

Holds neither Congress nor its members in high regard

Gerrymandering contributes to the:

Increasing pattern of polarization between the two parties in the House, and politics driven by ideology

An incumbent advantage that permits members of Congress to keep in touch with constituents by sending mailings at the taxpayer's expense is known as:

The franking privilege

In the congressional setting, casework refers to:

Members helping constituents with problems

When making contributions to candidates for Congress, PACs tend to show a preference for:

Incumbents

A house incumbent may be considered vulnerable if he or she:

Has won the last election by a slim margin, has been involved in a major scandal, and has a political ideology inconsistent with that of his or her district

The advantage of incumbency may be less in the Senate then in the House because:

Senate seats attract better-known challengers than do House seats

In the 2009-2010 session, there were ____ women in the United States Senate:

Seventeen

In 2009, Representative Darrell Issa (R-Calif.) was the richest lawmaker in Congress, with an estimated net worth of $250 million; and while 44 percent of lawmakers are millionaires only ____ of Americans can make that claim:

1 percent

An underlying assumption of the concept of descriptive representation is that:

Minorities can be effectively represented only by people of their own kind

The Hispanic population has not benefited as much as African Americans from the creation of so called majority-minority districts because:

37 percent of adult Hispanics living in the U.S. are not American citizens, and the dispersion of the Hispanic population

In Shaw v. Reno (1993), the Supreme Court ruled in a split decision that a North Carolina district that meandered 160 miles from Durham to Charlotte to increase minority representation in Congress violated the rights of whites. Drawing congressional districts this way was known as____:

Racial gerrymandering

When districts were created with the intent of enhancing the representation of African Americans and Hispanic legislators:

Democrats benefited, Republicans benefited

True or False: Concerning the legislative process, Lawmaking has many access points for those who desire influence

False

True or False: Concerning the legislative process, Bills are often amended again and again

False

True or False: Concerning the legislative process, Derailing legislation is much easier than enacting it

False

True or False: Concerning the legislative process, The process can be slow and is often fruitless

False

Stressing the importance of congressional committees, Woodrow Wilson stated:

"Congress in its committee rooms is Congress at work"

An informative, convincing speech on the Senate floor is not likely to sway the votes of members because:

The real nuts and bolts of lawmaking goes on in congressional committees

The___ weakened the seniority norm by establishing six-year term limits for committee and subcommittee chairs, a sharp break with the tradition of unlimited tenure as a committee chair:

Republican Party leadership in Congress

Celebrities often testify before congressional committees in the hopes that their star power will influence legislation, and in 2009, singer and teen idol ___ testified before a Senate committee to argue in favor of greater funding for research on Type 1 diabetes fro which the singer suffers:

Nick Jonas

Congressional oversight is often stereotyped as an opportunity for lawmakers lash out at executive branch officials because of some scandal or mistake, but many lawmakers are advocates of the programs they oversee given these programs benefit their constituents back home. Thus most oversight:

Is aimed at trying to find ways to improve programs

A vote on a bill in the Senate results in a tie. What would likely be the official outcome of the vote on the bill?

The leadership would canvass members to change the one voted needed for passage

The most important job of the party leaders in Congress is to

Guide bargaining and negotiation regarding the content of legislation

It is often difficult for congressional party leaders to control rank-and-file members of Congress because of the following:

Members of Congress have independent electoral bases in their districts and states and Members of Congress receive the vast bulk of their campaign funds from non-party sources

The rules that govern floor debate in the House of Representatives

Are a tool the majority party uses to help it control the legislative process

The national parties continue to be strong forces in the legislative process because:

Party leaders can help rank-and file members get on preferred committees and climb the leadership ladder.

The text identifies ____ as an important "external source of influence" on Congress:

Parties, the president, constituents, and interest groups

This Scholar studied the interaction between members of the House and their constituents in order to write the book Home Style

Richard Fenno

A survey of House members during a non-election year showed that each lawmaker made an average of___ trips back to her or his district, spending an average of 138 days there:

35

The "trustee" role of congressional voting is commonly associated with the political philosopher:

Edmund Burke

Which of the following voting behaviors by a representative indicates delegate behavior?

Voting the way the representative thinks best, even if the vote is against the wishes of a large number of constituents, because the representative knows that no matter which way the vote is cast, a large number of constituents will be offended

If legislators tend to act as delegates, congressional policy-making:

Is more pluralistic, and reflects bargaining among lawmakers

Most democracies outside the United States have a(n):

Parliamentary system

Parliamentary governments most closely fit the____ model of democracy.

Majoritarian

When Democrats took control of Congress in 2007, they set about reforming the earmark process by requiring greater transparency of earmarks through the following ways:

Lawmakers must publicize their earmark requests 48 hours before the chamber votes, and lawmakers need to identify any lobbyists that were involved in the process

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