In Cellular Respiration, what is the reaction?
Glucose + Oxygen --> CO2 + H2O + ATP(Energy)
In Cellular Respiration, Why does the cell do this?
To break down C6H12O6 and turn it into energy to be used in cellular work
In cellular Respiration, What kind of cells do this?
In Cellular Respiration, What does it mean to be oxidized? Reduced?
Oxidized- Molecule loses electrons
Reduced - Molecules gains electrons
What is oxidized in the process? Reduced?
Glucose is oxidized
Oxygen is reduced forming water
What carries energized electrons?
NAD+ and NADH
Where do the electrons go?
Electron Transport Chain
How much ATP results from the complete metabolism of a molecule of glucose?
Can you follow the energy, starting at glucose?
glucose --> NADH and FADH2 --> ETC --> proton-motive force --> ATP synthase --> ATP
Can you follow the electrons, starting with glucose?
Glucose --> NADH and FADH2 --> ETC --> O2 --> H2O
What is the relationship between energy, electrons, and the carbon skeleton in an Anabolic process?
Uses energy to energize electrons. These electrons are used to build or glue together carbon skeletons such as glucose.
What is the relationship between energy, electrons, and the carbon skeleton in a Catabolic process?
Electrons that are removed from carbon skeleton are loaded with energy which is used to make ATP
How efficient is the catabolic process? % energy? Number of ATP?
Very efficient, 40%, 38 ATP