World War II Vocabulary and Important Terms

21 terms by TKDmaster03

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tolitarian state

country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives

Fascism

rooted in miliarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state; dictators vowed to create new empires

aggression

warlike act by one country against another without a just cause

scapegoat

a person or group of people on whom is blamed for others' problems (like in WWII, Jews for Germany)

Nazis

member of the National Socialist German Worker's Party; under Hitler's command

concentration camp

prison camp for civilians who are considered enemies of the state

appeasement

practice of giving in to aggression in order to aviod war

Nazi-Soviet Pack

agreement signed between Hitler and Stalin in 1939 in which the two dictators agreed not to attack each other

blitzkrieg

"lightning war"; swift attacks launched by Germany in WWII during the night

Axis

WWII military alliance of Italy, Japan, Germany, and 6 other countries

Allies

WWII military alliance of Britain, France, Soviet Union, China, the U.S., and 45 other countries

Battle of Britain

Germany's failed attempt to subdue Britain in 1940 in preparation for invasion (Germans bombed Britain continuously but Britain resisted with fighter pilots and Hitler gave up invasion)

Battle of Midway

a 1942 battle in the Pacific during which American planes sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers (protected Hawaii)

Operation Overlord

code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944

D-Day

day of the invasion of Western Europe by Allied forces-June 6, 1944 (Allied forces landed at France, freed Paris; slowly advanced to Germany)

Battle of the Bulge

German counter-attack in December 1944 that temporarily slowed the allied invasion of Germany (Audie Murphy was the hero)

island hopping

during WWII, Allied strategy of capturing Japanese-held islands to gain control of the Pacific Ocean (American ships shelled an island; troops waded ashore; hand-to-hand fighting occured until island was captured)

Navajo code-talkers

during WWII, Navajo soldiers who used their own language to radio vital messages during the island-hopping campaign

kamikaze

WWII Japanese pilots trained to make a suicidal crash attack, usually upon a ship

Potsdam Declaration

message sent by the Allies in July 1945 callin for the Japanese to surrender

Nuremberg Trials

Nazi war crime trials held in 1945 and 1946

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