forms associations between environment stimuli and responses.
classical, operant conditioning are examples
regarding senstation and perception, which of the following statements is true
sensations involves the activation sense receptors;perception involves interpretation
which of the following sequences accurately reflects the order in which light passes through the structures of the eye during vision.
repeated exposure to sound over___dB can damage one's hearing;even infrequent exposure to sounds over______dB can produce hearing loss.
__________ is a phenomenon in which one sensation may evoke multiple perceptions,even ones associated with different sensory systems
psychologist define_____ as the capacity to learn from experience, solve problems, and to adapt to new situations
the practical problem alfred binet was trying to solve when he developed his intelligence test was
helping teachers better educating students of differing abilities
intelligence is positively related to
the number of neurons in the brain, the thickness of the cortex, the volume of the brain
a persisting issue or controversy in psychology that is especially relevant to the study of intelligence is that of
nature vs nurture
which of the following defines mental retardation
having an IQ below 70 and having trouble with basic skills
which of the following in the best definition of eugenics
a misguided attempt to improve the human species through selective reproduction.
your text reports the case of a girl named genie who was exposed to virtually no language from the age of 20 months until the age of 13. in what way does genie case offer support for the notion of a critical period in language acquisition
even with intensive instuction, genie acquire only a very small vocabulary after the age of 13; furthermore, she never mastered the complexities of language.
as compared to people who speak only one language,bilinguals
show superior analytic skills, may be more cognitively flexible, demonstrate better cognitive functioning
psychologist have attempted to teach a number of nonhuman primates to communicate using american sign language, which of the following statements accurately reflect the linguistic accomplishments of these animals
they can learn the signs for a large number of words, they can combine signs into simple sentences, they can learn signs simply through observation.
psychologist use the term_____ to refer to a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior resulting from experience
___________ is a type of learing in which a neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response after being paired with a stimulus that would elicit the same response naturally
often , a conditioned response may be elicited not only by the original cs, but by a similar one as well. this known as stimulus
which of the following defines conditioned stimulus
something that creates a response only after conditioning.
classical conditioning applies mainly to_________ behaviors. operant conditioning applies primarily to__________
existing, new behaviors
learning that occurs internally and is expressed behaviorally only when there is sufficent motivation to do so is called ______learning
the use of classical conditioning principles in advertising is most likely to be effective when
when we give little thought to choices.