Chapter 7: Political Parties (Study Guide; T/F)

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True

The decline in political parties poses serious problems for our representative democracy.

False

American political parties are more effective at mobilizing voters than are parties in other democratic nations.

True

The number of Americans who identify themselves as independents is increasing

True

Once in office, elected officials in Europe are expected to vote and act together with other members of their party

False

Political authority in the U.S. has of late come to be far more centralized.

False

Political parties have of late become more centralized.

False

Primary elections are extremely competitive in Europe

True

Most Americans would resent partisanship becoming a conspicuous feature of other organizations to which they belong.

True

Our nation began without political parties.

False

The followers of Hamilton founded the first political party.

False

The Founders favored parties because they enhanced communication between the government and its citizens.

True

The first political party took for a name "Republicans."

True

Popular support for the Federalist party was limited to sections of the country and particular classes of Americans.

True

The convention system was first developed in part as a reform.

True

The modern Republican Party began as a third party.

False

The Progressives opposed non-partisan elections.

True

The reforms of the Progressives had the effect of weakening political parties.

True

An electoral realignment took place in 1860.

True

Economic issues triggered the alignments of 1896 and 1932.

False

The text concludes the election of Ronald Reagan clearly signaled a new electoral realignment.

False

Split ticket voting has been most common in the northeastern United States.

True

Super-delegates are delegates to the national conventions who are also public officials.

False

The "reforms" which followed the 1960s resulted in a Democratic national convention that more closely reflected public opinion than the Republican national convention.

False

Today, national conventions are places where party leaders meet to bargain over the selection of their presidential candidates.

True

The Hatch Act of 1939 made it illegal for federal civil service employees to work in partisan campaigns.

False

The text suggests the Hatch Act of 1939 destroyed so-called "political machines."

True

Elections where party machines were active commonly featured high voter turnout.

True

Political machines usually supported presidential candidates who had the best chance of winning even if they held contrary policy viewpoints.

True

Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy benefited from machine politics.

False

The ideological party values winning above all else.

False

The most firmly ideological parties have been factions within the Democratic Party.

False

Solidary groups tend to work harder than others.

False

David Mayhew suggests the traditional party organization exists in about half of the states.

False

Most European democracies have strong two party systems like the United States.

True

In 1992, Bill Cointon won 45 percent of the popular vote in Missouri, but all of the state's electoral votes.

False

The United States has never experimented with proportional representation.

False

In the United states, a third party has never won the presidency.

True

The text suggests no third party is likely to win--or even come close to winning--the presidency any time soon.

True

For many years, the laws of many states made it difficult, if not impossible, for third parties to get on the ballot.

True

The minor parties that have endured in American politics have been ideological ones.

False

The authors conclude that it is striking that we have had so many minor parties.

True

Today, a larger proportion of party delegates are interested in issues and less amenable to compromise.

True

Before 1972, party leaders chose most party delegates.

True

Only about half as many people vote in primaries as in general elections.

True

Since 1968, The Democratic Party has had no trouble winning congressional elections.

False

Republican convention delegates appear to be more separated from the opinions of most citizens than Democratic convention delegates.

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