Deeply rooted in a person - attraction someone feels for the same or different sex
Definition of oneself that is formed around sexual relationships.
Socially defined and patterned.
Fear and hatred of homosexuality.
Institutionalization as only one way of socially legitimate sexual orientation.
Social category of people who share a common culture, common language, religion, norms, practices, customs, and history.
A group treated as distinct in society based in certain characteristics perceived to be biological differences.
Process whereby some social category, such as social class or nationality, takes on what society perceives to be racial characteristics.
Out-Group Homogeneity Effect
When all members of an out group are perceived to be the same or identical o each other.
Negative stereotypes are interchangeable from one social class to another.
Negative predispositions or evaluations of a social group.
Spatial and social separation of racial and ethnic groups.
Grouping of people, largely minorities and poor, who live at the absolute bottom of the socioeconomic ladder.
Race-specific policy for reducing job and education inequality.
Process in which a group becomes considered a race.
The group that assigns a racial or ethnic gro to subordinate status in society.
Any distinct group in society that shares common group characteristics and is forced to occupy low status because of prejudice and discrimination.
We categorize people on the basis of what appears initially prominent and obvious.
Thinking that one's own social group is the best and that all others are inferior.
Negative treatment and oppression of one racial or ethnic group by already in existence norms.
Ignoring legitimate racial - ethnic, cultural differences.
Institutional racism in the criminal justice system.
Pattern of extreme segration.
Functionalist View - sex
Terms of its contribution to the stability of social instituions.
Conflict View - sex
Power relationships and economic inequality.
Symbolic View - sex
Social constructive perspective says sexual identity is learned, not inborn.
Queer Theory - sex
See society as forcing boundaries and challenges the 'either/or' mindset.
Racism : Symbolic
Contact theory states that individuals must be of equal status,social norms must be agreed upon, and contact must be sustained.
Racism : Conflict
Class based conflict is inherent and fundamento part of social interaction. Intersection perspective - class or race worse?
Racism : Functionalism
For race and ethnic relations to work in society members must ASSIMILATE into dominant culture.
Differs among cultures. Culture tells us what is deviant and what is normal.
Sexual attitudes and behavior have the potential to change because of this.
Religion, education, and the family define some forms of sexual expression as more legitimate than others.
Sex sells. Low income members of society are sometimes forced into selling sex.
Government funding or lack therefore of affects the lives of men and women and how they understand sexual behavior.
Sexual practices - US
Hard to document, sooner, more than one partner over a lifetime, more affairs, lots of homosexuality, lots of sex.
Right has increased women's status.
New reproductive technologies
More options for how to make and carry babies but also poses questions for policy makers.
Support has remained constant over the last 20 years.
78% are unplanned. Single teen mothers are more likely to be poor.
Big debate concerning the 1st Ammend and woman's rights.
Sexual norms and tolerance develop differently across cultures.
Use of women worldwide as sex workers in an institution context where sex itself is a commodity.
Shown to delay the age of first intercourse - not the same as with abstinence-only education.