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Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

impatient with the nation's chronic poverty and cold war politics

"Let the people decide"

slogan of organizations

free speech movement

at the University of California at Berkley in 1964

Clark Kerr

met with students, agreed not to press charges, and seemed set to grant them a small space on campus for political activity

Joan Baez

"We Shall Overcome"

Mario Savio

a Freedom Summer volunteer and philosphy student, explained that the free speech movement wanted more than just the right to conduct political activity on campus

in loco parentis

in the place of parents

counterculture

other young adults staked out a new form of community

the "Summer of Love"

the population of the Haight-Ashbury district swelled by 75,000 as youthful adventureers gathered for the most celebrated "be-in" of the era

"Mayor Warns Hippies to Stay Out of Town"

San Francisco Chronicle headline; masses of long-haried young men and women dressed in bell-bottoms and tie-dyed T-shirts congregated in "the Haight" to listen to music, take drugs, and "be" with each other.

Timothy Leary

urged young people to "turn on, tune in, drop out" and also advocted the mass production and distribution of LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), which was not criminalized until 1968

Bob Dylan

taunted adults with the lyrics of his hit single "everybody must get stoned"

The Beatles

rock 'n' roll music had begun to express a deliberate generational identity, a trend that gained momentum with the ermergence of the Britsh rock group

Peter, Paul, and Mary, Phil Ochs, and Judy Collins, as well as Joan Baeze

continued to serve the voice of protest

Richie Havens

opened with "freedom", and performers including Joan Baez, Janis Joplin, Santana, and The Grateful Dead among others entertained the crowd.

The Woodstock Nation

did not actually represent the sentiments of mosy young Americans.

"teach-ins"

spread across the U.S and to Europe and Japan as well.

the Dow Chemical Company

manufacturers of napalm, a form of jellied gasoline often used against civilians in Vietnam, sent job recruiters to the University of Wisconsin at Madison despite warnings that a group of students would try to prevent them from conducting interviews

Dean Rusk

appeared on NBC's Meet the Press, expressed his concern that "authorities in Hanoi" might conclude, incorrectly, that the majority of Americans didn't back their president and that "the net effect of these demonstrations will be to prolong the war, not to shorten it."

"From Protest to Resistance"

popular slogan

Daniel and Philip Berrigan

raided the offices of the draf board in Catonsville, Maryland in May 1968 and poured homemade napalm over records

Selective Service System

gave deferments to college students and to workers in selected occupations while recruiting hard in poor communities by advertising the armed forces as a provider of vocational training and social mobility.

"Armed Farces Day"

many G.I's were putting peace symbols on their combat helmets, joining antiwar demonstrations, and staging their own events

"slave bracelets"

weaving their boot laces together and carrying Black Power canes.

"No Gook Ever Called Me ******"

some openly complained about being asked to fight "a white man's war" and emblazoned their helments with this slogan

RITA (Resistance in the Army)

American Servicemen's Union was the largest that claimed more than 10,000 members

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