Ch17

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Goven't 2302 ch 17

The "shadow welfare state" refers to

employer-provided benefits like health insurance and pensions.

To pay for Social Security and Medicare, the government automatically withholds ____________ percent of the first $106,800 of earnings for Social Security and ____________ percent of all earnings for Medicare.

6.2; 1.45

The freedom to use whatever talents and wealth one has to reach one's fullest potential is the definition of

equality of opportunity.

Which of the following are examples of contributory welfare programs?

Social Security and Medicare

Which of the following is true about Social Security?

All of the above

A procedure that requires applicants to show a financial need for assistance is the definition of

means testing.

Since welfare reform, the number of people on welfare has

dropped by more than half.

A program that provides extended medical services to all low-income persons who have already established eligibility through means testing under TANF is

Medicaid

Which is a 1974 program that augments benefits for the aged, blind, and disabled?

Supplemental Security Income

Noncash goods and services that would otherwise have to be paid for in cash by the beneficiary is the definition of

in-kind benefits.

The Supreme Court case Goldberg v. Kelly held that

All of the above

With respect to government public welfare assistance, by 1933 the question was

how generous or restrictive the system was going to be.

The most important national education policies were developed

after World War II.

The No Child Left Behind Act

All of the above

Most of the education of the American people is provided by

state and local governments.

Health care policy is an important topic to many Americans and public officials since, in 2007, approximately ____________ Americans did not have health insurance.

45 million

Which is the only advanced industrial nation without universal access to health care?

The United States

According to the authors of the textbook, the most important single force in the distribution and redistribution of opportunity in the United States is

education.

According to the authors of the textbook, since the 1930s, government-sponsored employment and training systems have

fared poorly in terms of expenditures, stability, and results.

According to the authors of the textbook, when we study social policies from a group perspective, we can see that the elderly and the middle class receive the ____________ benefits from the government's social policies and that children and the working poor receive the __________ benefits.

most; fewest

An example of a tax expenditure is

the ability to deduct mortgage-interest payments from federal taxable income.

Which two government programs assist the working poor?

Earned Income Tax Credit and food stamps

The primary source of cash assistance for the nonworking poor is

TANF.

How does the middle class benefit from social policies?

All of the above

Entitlements account for ___________ percent of the total federal budget.

57

According to the Social Security Administration, it won't be able to pay out full benefits to retirees starting in the year _______.

2037

Which of the following is not aimed at breaking the cycle of poverty?

Drug policies

Under which president was comprehensive health care reform passed?

Barack Obama

Liberals tend to believe that economic success is

not equally available to all Americans.

Which group is the most likely to be poor?

Children under 18

In 2003, Congress and President Bush added what new benefit to Medicare?

Prescription drugs

Entitlements such as Social Security and Medicare account for

more than half of the federal budget.

The social welfare system in the United States

became public after private groups were unable to handle the Great Depression.

In 1996, President Clinton signed a law reforming the welfare system. This law

All of the above

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