Poetry/Figurative Language

Created by colmeiyo Teacher

rhyme

recurring identical or similar final word sounds, eg. stow, blow, show, go

rhythm

the repeated pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

meter

a fixed pattern of accented and unaccented sylables in lines of fixed length to create rhythm

repetition

repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds, eg. Peter Piper picked a pepper

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds, e.g., mad, hatter

consonance

repetition of final consonant sounds e.g. east/west

onomatopoeia

use of a word whos sound suggests its meaning. e.g., clatter, bang, pop

haiku

a 17-syllable. delicate, unrhymed Japanese verse, usually about nature

limerick

a 5-line, rhymed, rhythmic verse, usually funny

ballad

a songlike narrative poem, usually featuring rhythm, rhyme, and a refrain

free verse

poetry with neither regular meter nor a regular rhyme scheme

couplet

a pair of rhyming lines

quatrain

a stanza containing four lines

pun

a humorous play on words that sound similar or mean something similar

oxymoron

a phrase formed of contradictory words e.g. jumbo shrimp

imagery

language that appeals to the five senses: The basketball slammed against the backboard and swished through the net.

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration

personification

When nonhuman things are described as having human behaviors

metaphor

when you compare two unlike things as though they were one

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