In Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America, a politician's personal following in a patron-client relationship
In Mexico and elsewhere in the third world, another term to describe the way people are integrated into the system via patron-client relations. A system of interest representation in which the government allows certain groups privileged access to the policy-making decisions in exchange for loyalty.
the massive accumulation of loans taken out be third world countries and owed to northern banks and governments fromt he 1970s onward
the way Mexican governments have used fraud to rig elections
Development strategy that uses tariffs and other barriers to imports, and therefore stimulates domestic industries. A strategy for economic development that employs high tariffs to protect locally produced goods from foreign competition, government ownership of key industries, and government subsidies to domestic industries.
Factory in Mexico (initially on the U.S. border, now anywhere) that operates tax-free in manufacturing goods for export. Foreign-owned assembly plants that operated in tax-free zones along the northern border.
Term used to describe Mexicans of mixed racial origin. The process of racial mixing between Europeans and indigenous people.
Newly Industrializing Country
The handful of countries, such as South Korea, that have developed a strong industrial based and grown faster than most of the third world
Principle in Mexican political life that bars politicians from holding office for two consecutive terms
Neofeudal relations in which "patrons" gain the support of "clients" through the mutual exchange of benefits and obligations
the notion that policies can shift from left to right as the balance of partisan power changes. In Mexico, reflects the fact that the PRI can move from one side to another on its own as circumstances warrant
the six-year term of a Mexican president
development strategy that stresses integration into global markets, privatization, and so on. Supported by the World Bank, IMF, and other major northern financial institutions
Son of Lazaro Cárdenas, founder of the PRD, and first elected mayor of Mexico City
President of Mexico, 1934-40. The last radical reformer to hold the office
Miguel De la Madrid
President of Mexico, 1982-88; introduced structural adjustment reforms
Introduced the principle of nonreelection into Mexican politics; ironically, de facto dictator of the country for a quarter century in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
First non-PRI president of Mexico, elected in 2000
Carlos de Gortari Salinas
President of Mexico, 1988-94; continued structural adjustment reforms; currently living in exile because of his family's involvement in scandals.
Antonio López de Santa Anna
Nineteenth-century general and dictator responsible for Mexico's losing more than a third of its territory to the U.S.
President of Mexico, 1994-2000
Former (and corrupt) Mexican electoral commission
The Confederation of Mexican Workers, Mexico's leading trade union
Current and more autonomous electoral commission in Mexico
North American Free Trade Agreement, linking Mexico, Canada, and the U.S. A trade agreement between Mexico, Candad, and the U.S. to reduce tariffs among the countries and provide investor protections for foreign investors.
Newly industrializing country
National Action Party, the leading right-of-center opposition party in Mexico. The center-right party that was the first party to win the presidential elections after the breakdown of one-party rule
Mexico's nationalized petrochemical industry
Party of the Democratic Revolution, Mexico's main left-of-center opposition party that emerged after the 1998 elections from splits within the PRI
Institutional Revolutionary Party, which rules Mexico from 1927 to 2000
Confederation of Mexican Workers
the official trade union affiliated with the PRI
Federal Election Commission
the old (and corrupt) body that supervised elections in Mexico
Federal Electoral Institute
Created before the 1997 election to provide more honest management of elections in Mexico than its predecessor, the Federal Election Commission.
the ministry in charge of administration in Mexico; until recently, post often held by politicians before becoming president
Immigration Reform and Control Act
U.S. law, passed in 1986, that limits the rights of immigrants, especially those from Mexico
Institutional Revolutionary Party
the party that governed Mexico from 1927 to 2000
National Action Party
the leading right-of-center opposition party in Mexico
North American Free Trade Agreement
Agreement linking the economies of Canada, Mexico, and the U.S.
Party of the Democratic Revolution
the leading left-of-center opposition party in Mexico
A U.S. government policy to bring Mexican workers to the United States during World War II
The process of transition from authoritarian rule to democratic rule
A government policy after the revolution devoted to all things Mexican
A strategy for economic development that calls for free markets, balanced budgets, privatization, freetrade, and minimal government intervention in the economy
An authoritarian political system in which only one political party governs
A system of interest representation in which all groups compete on a theoretically level playing field
Literraly a "vice king," the king's representative to the colonies