in situ accretion
where less expensive homes and businesses seem to be in a chronic state of ongoing construction and renovation.
a city overrun with factories, supply facilities, the expansion of transport systems, and the consturction of tenements for a growing labor force.
fronted by royal, religious, public, and private buildings evincing wealth and prosperity, power and influence (downtown)
metropolitan statistical area
A free-standing metropolitan area surrounded by non-metropolitan counties and not closely associated with other metropolitan areas.
micropolitan statistical area
a city having an urban core population of at least 10,000 but less than 50,000
a continuous development that contains a central city and many nearby cities, towns, and suburbs
a housing development that is publicly funded and administered for low-income families
The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and evening with the heaviest volumes of traffic
patterns of settlement on earth;s surface: rank-size rule and Christaller's central place theory
legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland
social area analysis
puts together information from the census tracts to create and overall picture of how various types of people are distrbuted within a broader area, like a city
cities are dominated by one activity such as mining, manufacturing or recreation and serving national and international markets.
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
Cities where major routes converge - roads, railroads, sea traffic, and air transportation
a geographical area constituting a city or town
a group of decision makers and organizers who controlled the resources, and sometimes the lives of others
The study of how people use space in cities
urban influence zone
Areas outside the city that are affected by it.
the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
thought that urban development leads to social and personal disorders, belief technology causes problems
zone of maturity
old part of city, more wealthy live here, bigger houses
the study of the physical form and structure of urban places
a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
Unplanned slum development on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard.
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
Indus River Valley
chronologically, the third urban hearth, dating to 2200 bc
Nile River Valley
second urban hearth dating back to 3200 bce
Huang He and Wei
Rivers in present-day China; it was at the confluence of the Huang He and Wei Rivers where chronologically the fourth urban hearth was founded by the Chinese.
chronologically the fifth urban hearth, dating to 200 bce