Chapter 8: Human Development Questions

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Experience Psychology Second Edition Laura A. King

- intimacy vs. isolation

Suppose a 25 year old friend of yours comes to you and says she so happy because in past few years she has met a lot of good friends and is dating somebody special. You tell her it sounds like she's working through the ____ stage of psychosocial development very well.
- generativity vs. stagnation
- identity vs. role-confusion
- initiative vs. guilt
- intimacy vs. isolation

- based on case study

Some critics question the type of research that Erikson did in formulating his socioemotional theory of development. His research was primarily:
- longitudinal
- based on case study
- sequential
- cross-sectional

conservation

According to Piaget, ___ is a belief in the permanence of an object despite superficial changes

- it involves mastering knowlege
-it occurs from about the age 6 to puberty
-it involves mastering intellectual skills

Which of the following is typical of Erikson's industry-versus-inferiority stage?
- it involves mastering knowledge
- it involves answering the question: Who am I?
- it occurs from about the age of 6 to puberty
-it involves mastering intellectual skills

- initiative vs. guilt

Which of Erikson's stages occurs in childhood and involves more challenges and developing more purposeful behavior?
- identity vs. identity confusion
- intimacy vs. isolation
- initiative vs. guilt
- generativity vs. stagnation

- Kaylee is discovering that she has a will of her own.
- Kaylee will begin to assert her independence.

Kaylee is two years old and is most likely in the autonomy-versus-shame-and-doubt phase of Erickson's socioeconomic developmental stages Which of the following statements are true regarding Kaylee in this stage of development?
- Kaylee is discovering that she has a will of her own.
- Kaylee will begin to assert her independence.
- Kaylee will now begin to acquire knowledge and intellectual skills.

- 3 to 5 years

At what age is the initiative vs. guilt stage predominant?
- 6 to 12 years
- 3 to 5 years
- 1.5 to 3 years
- birth to 1.5 years

prosocial

___ behavior is behavior intended to benefit other people.

- trust in infancy creates a life expectation that people are good.
- basic needs such as food, comfort and warmth are met.

According to Erikson's trust vs. mistrust stage of development,
- the child develops a positive sense of independence.
- trust in infancy creates a life expectation that people are good.
- basic needs such as food, comfort and warmth are met.

attachment

some developmental psychology researchers use the term infant ___ to describe the initial important connection to a caregiver that provides a foundation for later development

- the importance of a mother providing warmth

What did Harry Harlow's study on infant monkeys demonstrate?
- the importance of a mother providing warmth.
- the superiority of the authoritarian study.
- the critical role of fathers.
- providing milk is the only thing required to create attachment.

- Kaylee is reading a picture book and assumes that her mother who is across the room can see the pictures.
- Three-year-old Hank believes his father knows what he (Hank) is thinking.

Which of the following examples describes "egocentric thought" in Piaget's preoperational stage?
- Kaylee is reading a picture book and assumes that her mother who is across the room can see the pictures.
- Three-year-old Hank believes his father knows what he (Hank) is thinking.
- A toddler who is described as a "slow-to-warm-up" child, has a low activity level and is not very adaptive.
- Three-year-old John gives personal opinions and guesses, and does not rely on logical reasoning when asked a question.

- a belief in the permanence of an object despite superficial changes

According to Piaget, conservation is
- the ability to problem-solving using hypothetical deductive reasoning
- part of the preoperational stage
- a belief in the permanence of an object despite superificial changes
- the ability to use logical reasoning and classification skilss

adulthood

Identity explorations, self-focus, are parts of development of emerging ___.

- intuitive thought

Allison is in Piaget's preoperational stage of development. She is aksed to explain how she knows something. She's says, "I just know." This is an example of what Piaget referred to as:
- conservation
- hypothetical-deductive reasoning
- intuitive thought
- a schema

- Operations in Piaget's preoperational stage

Henry, who is 6 years old, understands that 4+5=9; he does not, however, understand that 5+4 also equals 9. This is an illustration of which of Piaget's concepts, in which of Piaget's stages?
- object permanence in Piaget's sensorimotor stage
- Operation in Piaget's preoperational stage
- Conservation in Piaget's concrete operational stage
- Operations in Piaget's concrete operational stage

- Older adults tend to do more poorly than younger adults in most aspects of memory.
- Older adults take longer to retrieve information about the world but often can remember it.

Which of the following is true of memory in late adulthood?
- Older adults tend to do more poorly than younger adults in most aspects of memory.
- Older adults forget their former knowledge about the world.
- Older adults take longer to retrieve information about the world but often can remember it.

- studying participants over time
- studying the same participants

Longitudinal research essentially involves:
- studying participants of different ages all at one point in time.
- studying participants over time.
- studying the same participants

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