Final Exam: Society the basics-Sociology Part 1-3

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Society: The Basics (11th Edition) by John J. Macionis Spring Semester 2013. Final Exam: Sociology

1. What might a sociologist say about why an individual chooses a particular person to marry?
A. In the case of love, opposites attract.
B. There is no accounting for personal feelings like love
C. This shows that peoples actions reflect human free will
D. This shows that the social world guides human behavior

D.This shows that the social world guides human behavior

2. Which discipline defines itself as "the systematic study of human society"?
A. Psychology
B. Economics
C. History
D. Sociology

D.Sociology

3. By saying that the sociological perspective shows us "the strange in the familiar," the text argues that this point of view:
A. Rejects the familiar idea that people simply decide how to act in favor of the initially strange idea that society shapes our lives.
B. Shows that common sense is a good guide to understanding human behavior
C. Shows that people often behave in strange ways
D. Focuses on the bizarre elements of society

A. Rejects the familiar idea that people simply decide how to act in favor of the initially strange idea that society shapes our lives.

4. From a sociological perspective, patterns of childbearing around the world suggest that the number of children born to a woman reflects:
A. Whether she lives in a poor or rich society
B. How many children she can afford
C. Her personal choice
D. The desires of her husband

A. Whether she lives in a poor or rich society

5. Three roommates are in their dorm room sharing a late-night discussion about why they are in college. A sociological point of view would point to the importance of:
A. The desires of her husband
B. Which country we live in, because going to college is far more common in higher-income nations.
C. Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes
D. Age, because college students tend to be young adults.

B. Which country we live in, because going to college is far more common in higher-income nations.

6. The pioneering sociologist who studied patterns of suicide in Europe was:
A. Emile Durkheim
B. Margaret Mead
C. Auguste Comte
D. Karl Marx

A. Emile Durkheim

7. Suicide rates are generally higher among:
A. Females compared with males
B. Poor people compared with rich people
C. Single people compared with married people
D. All the above are correct

C. Single people compared with married people

8. According to Emile Durkhiem, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
A. Greater self-esteem
B. Less money and other resources
C. Lower social integration
D. More clinical depression

C. Lower social integration

9. People in which of the following categories are most likely to make use of the sociological perspective?
A. People of color
B. Politicians
C. People living in suburbs
D. The middle class

A. People of color

10._C. Wright Mills pointed out that sociological awareness tends to be more widespread:
A. When life is getting better
B. During times of peace and prosperity
C. In times of social crisis
D. Among the very rich

C. In times of social crisis

11.Which of the following statement is TRUE?
A. There is no longer serious poverty in the world
B. People the world live in ways that are mostly the same
C. Learning more about other societies helps us better understand our own way of life
D. Because the Untied States is so rich, there is little reason for us to learn about the international economy

C. Learning more about other societies helps us better understand our own way of life

12. Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
A. Accepting conventional ideas
B. The belief that society is mysterious
C. Challenging commonly held beliefs
D. People to become isolated from one another

C. Challenging commonly held beliefs

13. Learning more abou sociology helps us to:
A. Be more active participants in society
B. See the constraints in our lives
C. See the opportunities in our lives
E. All of the above are correct

E. All of the above are correct

14. An example of the "Sociology advantage" in a career would be a person in:
A. Medicine understanding patterns of health and illness in a community
B. Retail sales understanding how effectively connect with diverse people
C. Law enforcement understanding which categories of people are at high risk of becoming victims of crime
F. All of the above are correct.

F. All of the above are correct.

15. All but one of the following historical changes stimulated the development of the discipline of sociology. Which one did NOT?
A. The spread of the Roman Catholic church
B. The rise of an industrial economy
C. New political ideas stressing individual rights
D. The growth of cities

A. The spread of the Roman Catholic church

16. Historically, the sociological perspective was most likely to develop in:
A. Isolated villages
B. Countries experiencing rapid social changes
C. Nations with little social change

B. Countries experiencing rapid social changes

17. In which of the following countries did sociology develop first?
A. Canada
B. The united states
C. France
D. Japan

C. France

18. The term "sociology" was coined in 1838 by:
A. Herbert Spencer
B. Karl Marx
C. Adam Smith
D. Auguste Comte

D. Auguste Comte

19. Which of the following is a way of understanding the world based on science?
A. Theology
B. Tradition
C. Free will
D. Positivism

D. Positivism

20. By linking specific facts together to create meaning, we create a:
A. Principle
B. Concept
C. Theory
D. structure

C. Theory

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