a single, linear melody line added to another line
interval type with notes sounded one after another
interval type with notes sounded at the same time
intervals that sound the same but are spelled differently (thus with different functions)
In intervals with accidentals-- flats lead ____, sharps lead ____.
M2,m2,M7,m7,harmonic P4 above the bass, all augmented and diminished intervals
raise the fifth
From major, ____ to create an augmented triad.
lower the third
From major, ___ to create a minor triad.
lower the third, lower the fifth
From major, ___ and ____to create a diminished triad.
When any simple interval is inverted, the sum of the ascending and descending intervals must add up to ____.
moving the lower note an octave higher, moving the higher note an octave lower
Chords are inverted by ___ or ____.
major triad, M7
major triad, m7/lower the 7th
dominant seventh/how to get there from major
minor triad,m7/lower the 3rd, 7th
minor seventh/how to get there from major
diminished triad, minor 7th/lower the 3rd, 5th, 7th
half-diminished seventh/how to get there from major
diminished triad, diminished 7th/lower the 3rd, 5th, 7th twice
fully-diminished seventh/how to get there from major
interval larger than an octave
interval smaller than an octave
M, m, m, M, M, m, dim
diatonic triad qualities in a major key
m, dim , M, m, m, M, M
diatonic triad qualities in a natural minor key
m, dim, A(~), m, M(~), M, dim(~)
diatonic triad qualities in a harmonic minor key (~used most often for harmonizing in a minor key)
M, m, m, M, dominant, m, half-dim
diatonic seventh chord qualities in a major key
m/M7, half-dim, A/M7, m, dominant, M, fully-dim
diatonic seventh chord qualities in a harmonic minor key
I, ii, ii7,IV, V, V7, vi, vii^o,vii^/o7
chords to use in harmonic dictation/composition in major
i, ii^o, ii^/o7, iv, V, V7, VI, vii^o, vii^o7
chords in use in harmonic dictation/composition in minor
raise a half-step
\ or | through a number (figured bass symbol)
VII (subtonic), III (major mediant)
most commonly used triads from natural minor