AP Music Theory Review Chp 5-6

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Harmonic organization: intervals, triads, seventh chords Interval/seventh ID practice: http://www.musictheory.net/exercises

counterpoint

a single, linear melody line added to another line

melodic

interval type with notes sounded one after another

harmonic

interval type with notes sounded at the same time

enharmonic

intervals that sound the same but are spelled differently (thus with different functions)

down, up

In intervals with accidentals-- flats lead ____, sharps lead ____.

P1,P5,P8,M3,m3,M6,m6,melodic P4

consonant intervals

M2,m2,M7,m7,harmonic P4 above the bass, all augmented and diminished intervals

dissonant intervals

M3+P5

major triad

m3+P5

minor triad

m3+dim5

diminished triad

M3+A5

augmented triad

raise the fifth

From major, ____ to create an augmented triad.

lower the third

From major, ___ to create a minor triad.

lower the third, lower the fifth

From major, ___ and ____to create a diminished triad.

9

When any simple interval is inverted, the sum of the ascending and descending intervals must add up to ____.

moving the lower note an octave higher, moving the higher note an octave lower

Chords are inverted by ___ or ____.

major triad, M7

major seventh

major triad, m7/lower the 7th

dominant seventh/how to get there from major

minor triad,m7/lower the 3rd, 7th

minor seventh/how to get there from major

diminished triad, minor 7th/lower the 3rd, 5th, 7th

half-diminished seventh/how to get there from major

diminished triad, diminished 7th/lower the 3rd, 5th, 7th twice

fully-diminished seventh/how to get there from major

compound

interval larger than an octave

simple

interval smaller than an octave

M, m, m, M, M, m, dim

diatonic triad qualities in a major key

m, dim , M, m, m, M, M

diatonic triad qualities in a natural minor key

m, dim, A(~), m, M(~), M, dim(~)

diatonic triad qualities in a harmonic minor key (~used most often for harmonizing in a minor key)

M, m, m, M, dominant, m, half-dim

diatonic seventh chord qualities in a major key

m/M7, half-dim, A/M7, m, dominant, M, fully-dim

diatonic seventh chord qualities in a harmonic minor key

I, ii, ii7,IV, V, V7, vi, vii^o,vii^/o7

chords to use in harmonic dictation/composition in major

i, ii^o, ii^/o7, iv, V, V7, VI, vii^o, vii^o7

chords in use in harmonic dictation/composition in minor

6/64-7/65-43/42

inversion hotline

raise a half-step

\ or | through a number (figured bass symbol)

VII (subtonic), III (major mediant)

most commonly used triads from natural minor

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