CST Visual Arts

101 terms by Reese0928 

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Study set is intended to prepare people for the CST in Visual Arts

picasso demoiselles d'avignon

-Cubism
-Under rendered
-Bodies have ambiguous planes which suggest multiple views
-Foreground still life
--Homage to Cezanne
--Outlined shapes

Nighthawks

Edward Hopper. As is often the case with his works, Hopper uses a realistic approach (including such details as the fluorescent light of the diner, the coffee pots, and the Phillies cigar sign atop the diner) to convey a sense of a loneliness and isolation, even going so far as to depict the corner store without a door connecting to the larger world. Hopper's wife Jo served as the model for the woman at the bar.

Dali Persistence of Memory

Spanish, Veristic Surrealism, Freudian theory, subconscious images, style: "hand done color
photography," influence of collage juxtaposition of images

John Constable the Haywain

ROMANTICISM

romanticism

19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason

Archaic Period

the period of Greek art from 900 to 500 BC. It was the earliest period of great vase painting and the beginning of monumental stone sculpture

NeoClassicism

A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome. "Cupid and Psyche"

Alla prima

wet on wet painting technique

Caravaggio

This Baroque artist used chiaroscuro so extensively that his name is used to describe extremes of dark and light.

Porcelain

a ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures.

Grog

hard-fired clay that has been pulverized into tiny particles and then added into wet clay to help reduce shrinkage and warping.

Slip Casting

process of forming clay objects by pouring clay slip into plaster molders

expressionism

an early twentieth-century art movement that emphasized the artist's personal, subjective expression of inner experiences

dadaism

An artistic movement that had a purposely nonsensical name, expressing its total rejection of previous modern art.

duchamp

French artist who immigrated to the United States

frescos

paintings done on wet plaster walls

minoan art

The pre-Greek art of Crete, named after the legendary King Minos of Knossos.

aboriginal art

not realistic landscapes, very stylized paintings of animals and spirits, austrailian, colorful, dots

matte

the property of having little or no contrast

gloss

the property of being smooth and shiny

byzantine art

styles of painting, design, and architecture developed from the fifth century C.E. in the Byzantine Empire of ancient Eastern Europe. Characterized in architecture by round arches, large domes, and extensive use of mosaic; characterized in painting by formal design, frontal and stylized figures, and rich use of color, especially gold, in generally religious subject matter

egyptian art

-Main were hieroglyphics and architcture.
-Most notable architecture made in old kingdom.
- Pyramids at Giza(used to be covered in limestone)
-Sphinx- 1 of the largest monoliths.
-Mastaba of Zoser- Step pyramid dedicated to zoser, 6 levels 200ft. high.
-Seated Scribe-- limestone of scribe-2500 BC
-Temple at Karnac- built during middle kingdom for god amun
- Rosetta Stone- 3 diff languages(Eygptian, demotic, and greek)

diety

god or goddess

realism

artistic representation that aims for visual accuracy

complimentary color

colors that appear opposite on the color wheel

monochromatic

having or appearing to have only one color

juxtapose

to place side by side, especially for comparison or contrast

clay

water soaked soil

feldspar

minerals that are the main component of most rocks on the earth's surface. Found in stoneware

sillica

A material found in magma that is formed from the elements of oxygen and sillicon. Found in stoneware clay and porcelain

mullite

Clay material formed by high temperature aluminosilicates (stoneware)

image sensor

The component in a camera that turns light into electrical charges that become the image on the screen.

lithography

a printmaking method in which the image to be printed is drawn on a limestone, zinc, or aluminum surface with a special greasy crayon

emulsion

a light-sensitive coating on paper or film

intaglio

a printing process that uses an etched or engraved plate

drypoint

An intaglio printmaking technique in which the design is scratched directly into a metal plate with a sharp, pointed, tool that is held like a pen.

monoprint

a print pulled from an etching, woodblock or collagraph plate that has been altered, making it unique.

etching

making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them

aquatint

a method of etching that imitates the broad washes of a water color

shade

adding black to a color

tint

created when white is added to a color

hue

the quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength

silverpoint

A stylus made of silver, used in drawing in the 14th and 15th centuries because of the fine line it produced and the sharp point it maintained.

flint

a very hard stone that produces a spark (not in stoneware)

entopic graphomania

in which dots are made at the sites of impurities in a blank sheet of paper, and lines are then made between the dots

graphite

black carbon used for drawing or writing

prism

a polyhedron with two congruent and parallel faces (the bases) and whose lateral faces are parallelograms

gouche

Opaque watercolor

pigment

dry coloring matter (especially an insoluble powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)

Rococo

very highly ornamented; relating to an 18th century artistic style of elaborate ornamentation

Baroque

elaborate an extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century

post impressionism

1885-1920.This is a handy title for what wasn't a movement, but a group of artists (Cézanne, Van Gogh, Seurat and Gauguin, primarily) who moved past Impressionism and on to other, separate endeavors. They kept the light and color Impressionism bought, but tried to put some of the other elements of art - form and line, for example - back in art.

pointilism

Painter Georges Seurat developed the painting technique using small dots of color called ___________.

kinetic art

- art, as sculptural constructions,
having movable parts activated by motor, wind, hand pressure, or other direct means.

op art

A twentieth century art movement and style in which artists sought to create an impression of movement on the picture surface by means of optical illusion.

fauvism

an art movement launched in 1905 whose work was characterized by bright and non-natural colors and simple forms

faux

false; artificial

Art noveau

French for "new art," this ne international style of art was popular at the beginning of the 20th century. This style incorporated flowing and dynamic curvatures in painting, architecture, and sculpture. This style was influenced by art from foreign lands, such as Japan, as well as previous art styles in Europe, such as the Rococo style.

mannerists

16th C. Exagerations: floating angels, the confusion of illusion and reality,contorted and elogated figures, awkward spatial relationships, and strange lighting effects.

die burke

20th C. meant to shock: contorted figures, screaming color, and outrageous themes.

tempura painting

pigments mixed with egg yolk
Dries really fast, hard to make changes
Light does not penetrate it - opaque, matte surface, requires varnish

terracota

hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted

Trompe L'oeil

French, "fools the eye." A form of illusionistic painting that aims to deceive viewers into believing that they are seeing real objects rather than a representation of those objects.

golden rectangle

rectangle that can be divided into a square and a rectangle that is similar to the original rectangle

waste molding

Can only be used once
Plaster mold
Best for large scale sculpture

Steps: (1) coat original in vaseline or resist, section off with lines
(2) Coat with plaster mix in several layers
(3) Mother mold, cut based on sections
(4) Original is destroyed, fill mold with material

Baldacchino

a canopy on columns, frequently built over an altar

oiling out

Bring back sunken patches of an oil painting using stand oil and/or mineral spirits

impasto

the technique of applying paint so thickly that brush or knife strokes can be seen

frank stella

United States minimalist painter (born in 1936), rigorous hard-edge paintings of the 1960s emphasize the flatness of the picture plane and its boundaries

pochade

A small preparatory oil sketch used by an artist to plan a composition before undertaking the actual work of art

idealism

The practice of seeing or representing things in ideal form rather than as they usually exist in real life.

pictographs

pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing

low relief sculpture

Sculptures that barely emerge from the background, such as on coins.

post and lintel

A method of construction in which two posts support a horizontal beam, called a lintel

portico

a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area

votive figures

images dedicated to the gods

Vermeer

(1632-1675) Dutch painter, son of a silk worker. Neither baroque nor classical; his paintings showed ordinary lives; made interesting with use of light. Painted Officer with a Laughing Girl.

doric order

simple, heavy columns without a base and topped by a broad, plain capital

ionic order

columns had an elaborated base and a capital carved into double scrolls that looked like the horns of a ram

mary cassat

an American painter exiled in Paris, painted sensitive portraits of women and children and earned a place in the pantheon of the French impressionist painters

Kandinsky

Russian; one of the first and most influential abstract painters; joined the Blue Rider and the Bauhaus

Paul Klee

A Swiss artist who painted mainly in the twentieth century. Hes is known for his whimsical, small-scale works that display a mastery of line, form, and subtle colors.

jenny saville

Jenny Saville (born in Cambridge in 1970) is an English painter, she is one of the Young British Artist or YBAs. Saville is known for her large-scale painted depictions of naked women.

iconography

the study of a group of representative pictures or symbols

rhythym

the pattern of sounds pervieced as the reccurance of equivalent beats at more or less equal intervals

encaustic

a painting technique in which colored pigment is added to hot wax

order of pencils

B pencils are darker than H pencils.
dark to light: 6B, 5B, 4B, 3B, 2B, B, HB, F, H, 2H, 3H, 4H

contropasto

stance at ease, weight on one leg, truly natural

high art

Italian painting and sculpture dating from roughly 1490 to 1527, characterized by classicism, with a particular emphasis on form and balance. The three undisputed masters of the High Renaissance are Leonardo da Vinci (1425-1519), Raphael (1483-1520), and Michelangelo (1475-1564). Eg. the "Last Supper"; the "School of Athens"; and the "David."

varnish

paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.

Paul Cezanne

French postimpressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)

Georgia O keefe

A pioneer of modernism in America, she first produced largely abstract work, adopting a more figurative style in the 1920s. Her best-known paintings depict enlarged studies, particularly of flowers, and are often regarded as being sexually symbolic.

shirin neshat

This artist recently completed a series of five large-scale video installations inspired by the novel, "Women Without Men". She has also been working on a feature film adaptaion of the book.

diane arbus

American photographer noted for black-and-white square photographs of "deviant and marginal people (dwarfs, giants, transvestites, nudists, circus performers) people whose normality seems ugly or surreal

contour

outline

formalism

Strict adherence to, or dependence on, stylized shapes and methods of composition. An emphasis on an artwork's visual elements rather than its subject.

fluxus

An international avant-garde movement that aimed to spurn existing art theories and aesthetics. Artists often gravitated toward performance art, or aktions; and incorporated social activism into their works.

avant-garde

Ahead of the times, especially in the arts

cinematography

A general term for all the manipulations of the film strip by the camera in the shooting phase and by the laboratory in the developing phase.

videography

operation of a video camera or camcorder in video production

totem pole

wooden post carved with animals or other images; often made by Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest to honor ancestors or special events

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