Marbury v Madison
1803, Judicial Review
McCullock v Maryland
1819, the elastic clause and federal state relations
Dartmouth College v Woodward
1819, New hamp. tried to take over a college by revising a charter)charters are protected under the contract clause of the U.S. constitution
Cherokee Nation v Georgia,
1831, Court held that Indian tribes could not sue in federal courts but he did say that they were under the jurisdiction of the United States and could only give up their lands voluntarily.
Worcester v Georgia
1832, Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's sovereignty - Jackson ignored it
Dred Scott v Sandford
1857 Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that living in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
Plessy v Ferguson
1896 supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilities were equal
Muller v Oregon
1908, a landmark decision in United States Supreme Court history, as it relates to both sex discrimination and labor laws. The case upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health. Brandeis Brief.
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka
1954, racial segregation in schools declared unconstitutional
Gideon v Wainwright
1963, A person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed by the government
Miranda v Arizona
1966, Rights of the Accused: Right to remain silent, right to be represented by a lawyer, if he cannot afford one--it will be provided, one phone call.
Roe v. Wade
1973. It prohibited state legislatures from interfering with a woman's right to abortion.
Fletcher v Peck
1810 establishes supremacy of constitution over state laws
Gibbons v Odgen
1824 (Marshall case) states can't regulate inter-sate commerce, only Federal gov.
commonwealth v Hunt
1842 court decided that unions were not conspiracies and it gave workers the right to protest and strike against companies
Prigg v Pennsylvania
1842, Supreme Court case that decided federal law superseded state law, it was over a fugitive slave law.
US v EC Knight Co
1895, monopolies, manufacturing and commerce.
Standard Oil of New Jersey v US; US v American Tobacco co; US v United States Steel Corporation
1911; 1911; 1920. antitrust laws
Schenck v US
1919 radicals and the First Amendment
Schechter Poultry Corp v US
1935 national independent recovery act, commerce clause, new deal, delegation
US v Butler
1936 a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the processing taxes instituted under the 1933 Agricultural Adjustment Act were unconstitutional.
Sweatt v Painter
1950 separate but equal formula generally unacceptable in professional schools
Bakke v Board of Regents
1978, reverse discrimination. US court case in which Bakke was denied to University of California Medical School twice to people less qualified based on race. Case determined that affirmative action is legal as long as filling quotas is not used.