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October 29, 1929

Black tuesday, the day the stock market crashed and a big part of the depression and the age of anxiety

Francisco Franco

A fascist supporter of dictatorship. Germany and Italy helped him in the Spanish Civil War to defeat the Republican Spanish.

Weimar Republic

The young German Republic before Hitler took over and created the Nazi government.

Nuremburg Laws

These laws took away citizenship from any German who was Jewish or had any Jewish grandparents.

Neville Chamberlain

"We Will have peace in our time." The prime minister of Britain who goes to meet with Hitler in order to make peace.

Sept 1, 1939

The day that Germany invaded Poland.

Battle of Dunkirk

The battle on the Northern French coast in which Germany defeated France and Britain who retreated across the English Channel.

Charles De Gaulle

French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile. Reestablished the democratic Fourth French Republic.

Vichy, France

Southern Pro-Nazi French; govern themselves as loyal to nazis; traitors to the Free French in N. France

Winston Churchill

The Prime Minister of England from 1940 to 1945.

The Battle of El Alamein

A battle fought in Northern Africa between Germany and Britain. The British were attempting to protect the Suez Canal and by cutting of the supplies for the Germans, they were able to defeat them. This led for the Afrika Corps to withdrawal from Northern Africa.

December 7, 1941

Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. The United States is provoked to join the war and puts Japanese citizens into concentration camps.

Battle of Midway

June 3, 1942. The turning point in the Pacific Theater. Three Japanese aircraft carriers are sunken.

May 7, 1945

VE-Day; Victory in Europe day. Germany surrenders.

Eisenhower

Allied commander in WWII in Europe; helped plan the D-Day invasion at Normandy.

Nazi Soviet Pact

The confidential pact between Hitler and Stalin stating that Russia and Germany would not fight each other.

The Battle of Stalingrad

The Germans had invaded Russia in an attempt to get to the oil fields of Siberia. The Germans run out of supplies and surrender.

Patton

American general who was involved in the Normandy invasion and the Battle of the Bulge; known for his great ability in tank warfare.

Sept 3, 1939

The day that Britain and France declared war on Germany. This was two days after Germany's invasion of Poland.

Kristallnacht

(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.

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