Intro to sociology 3

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A panhandler makes $15 to $20 per day on the streets. This is his
A. status.
B. prestige.
C. income.
D. wealth.

income

. A well-known Hollywood actress owns a home in Beverly Hills and another one on the French Riviera. She owns her own movie production company along with a large portfolio of stocks. The total of the different things she owns is considered her
A. income.
B. caste.
C. esteem.
D. wealth.

wealth

. An 83-year-old woman is placed at a small table in a dark corner of a trendy nightclub and is ignored by the staff. Her shoddy treatment is probably due to her age, which is a(an) ______________ status.
A. ascribed
B. achieved
C. horizontal
D. structural

ascribed...

. In Karl Marx's view, a worker who identifies with the wealthy and believes that she can achieve great wealth through hard work is likely to have developed a
A. bourgeoisie consciousness.
B. class consciousness.
C. false consciousness.
D. caste consciousness.

false consciousness...

Every evening at a neighborhood bar, the clientele, which consists of construction workers, police officers, plumbers, and factory workers, watches sports events on the big screen television set and plays pool. The people who hang out in this bar are an example of a
A. status group.
B. power group.
C. class.
D. caste.

class...

The owner of a major league baseball team can fire employees for not winning a pennant, have the city build him a new ballpark, and prevent companies that compete against his own team from airing advertisements during the team's televised games. In Max Weber's view, this owner would most likely be considered to have
A. power.
B. class.
C. esteem.
D. status.

power...

Which of the following would be the best example of absolute poverty?
A. A homeless man in tattered clothes begs in the streets for money and food.
B. A dual-career couple lives in a suburban community and struggles to pay their monthly bills.
C. A family owns only two luxury automobiles, although their friends and neighbors own three such vehicles.
D. none of these

A

Some analysts suggest that inner-city riots have frequently occurred when poor people realize that their chances of climbing out of poverty are unlikely, because of the structure of our social system. Their frustration is based on their perception that they are living in a(an)
A. open stratification system.
B. closed stratification system.
C. egalitarian class system.
D. fractured class system.

closed stratification

Which of the following is an example of vertical mobility?
A. A person loses her job as a corporate vice president because of downsizing and remains unemployed for 14 months.
B. An African president is overthrown in a bloodless coup and flees to a neighboring country where he works as a farmer.
C. A National Football League star suffers a career-ending injury and gets a job as an auto mechanic.
D. all of these

all of these

. A woman who was born and raised in a poor family becomes a regional supervisor for the U.S. Postal Service. She has experienced
A. structural mobility.
B. horizontal mobility.
C. upward intergenerational mobility.
D. institutional mobility.

upward inter generational mobility

. Gerhard Lenski argues that social inequality may have once served the overall purposes of society, but the degree of social and economic inequality that now exists far exceeds the need to provide for goods and services. This facet of Lenski's analysis is consistent with which perspective?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. global perspective

...

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that studies of social class have tended to neglect the occupations and incomes of women as determinants of social rank, thereby elevating the status of males?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. feminist perspective

feminist perspective

Which sociological perspective suggests that the higher rates of poverty among single mothers are due to the difficulty women have finding affordable child care, sexual harassment, and sex discrimination in the labor market?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. global perspective

interactionist perspective

. Which sociological perspective would be most likely to emphasize that a person's health and educational opportunities are affected by his or her class position in important ways?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. global perspective

conflict perspective

A condition in which members of a society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power is called
A. socialization.
B. status.
C. social structure.
D. social inequality.

social inequality

. Which of the following terms is used by sociologists to refer to a structured ranking of groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in society?
A. social mobility
B. stratification
C. hypergamy
D. status

stratification

. Wealth is
A. all of a person's material assets, including land, stocks, and other types of property.
B. salaries and wages.
C. a term used by Max Weber to refer to people who have a similar level of income and prestige.
D. a term used by Thorstein Veblen for people who have the same lifestyle, independent of their class position.

A.

An ascribed status is a social position
A. attained by a person largely through his or her own effort.
B. assigned to a person without regard to the person's unique characteristics or talents.
C. based solely on income and wealth.
D. based solely on lifestyle.

B

. Which term is used by Karl Marx to refer to the capitalist class that owns the means of production?
A. bourgeoisie
B. proletariat
C. peasantry
D. oligarchy

bourgeoisie

What term did Thorstein Veblen use to describe the behavior of those at the top of the social hierarchy when they engage in such activities as jetting off to a remote destination for dinner?
A. consumption flow
B. inconspicuous ridicule
C. conspicuous leisure
D. consumptive frivolity

...

The objective method of assessing social class assigns individuals to classes on the basis of
A. criteria such as occupation, education, income, and place of residence.
B. self-assessment.
C. assessments by friends and colleagues.
D. the neighborhoods in which they reside

A

. Which term is used to refer to the reputation that a specific person has within an occupation?
A. power
B. prestige
C. esteem
D. status

esteem

Conflict theorists contend that multinational corporations are attracted to developing countries because developing countries
A. have a large pool of cheap labor.
B. discourage strong trade unions.
C. often create a favorable "climate for investment."
D. all of these

all of these

Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that the existence of unregulated maquiladoras in Mexico has led to the exploitation of workers with jobs that lack security, possibilities for advancement, and decent wages?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. global perspective

functionalist perspective

The federal bailouts of the banking and auto industry would be considered:
A. unemployment
B. corporate welfare
C. welfare reform
D. none of these

corporate welfare

. When viewing the global economic system, sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein draws on the
A. functionalist perspective.
B. conflict perspective.
C. interactionist perspective.
D. dialectical perspective.

conflict perspective

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that multinational corporations help create social stability within a society by creating jobs and global enterprise?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. feminist perspective

functionalist

Current modernization studies generally take a(an) _________ approach, which focuses on how societies are moving closer together.
A. conflict
B. interactionist
C. dramaturgical
D. convergence

convergence

Colonialism is defined as
A. the maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over a people by a foreign power for an extended period.
B. an approach which contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gain.
C. the far-reaching process by which peripheral nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies.
D. none of these

A

The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural dominance over a people by a foreign power for an extended period is known as
A. dependency.
B. neocolonialism.
C. colonialism.
D. modernization.

colonialism

. According to world systems analysis, a nation that has a marginal economic status would be referred to as a nation at the
A. periphery.
B. core.
C. semiperiphery.
D. superperiphery.

semiperiphery

. According to world systems analysis, poor and developing nations are on the
A. core.
B. periphery.
C. semiperiphery.
D. marginality.

periphery

According to world systems analysis, a periphery nation is a nation that
A. along with its multinational corporations dominates all other nations socially, economically, and politically, such as the U.S. and Germany.
B. has a marginal economic status, such as Israel and South Korea.
C. is a poor, developing nation exploited by more powerful nations and corporations, such as Honduras and Ethiopia.
D. none of these

C

. Earnings that immigrants to the U.S. send back to their families in Mexico are referred to as
A. pestatos.
B. remittances.
C. megadollars.
D. mexicentos

remittances

. Asian Americans are identified in the text as an example of a(an)
A. ethnic group.
B. racial group.
C. reference group.
D. status group.

racial group

. African Americans are identified in the text as an example of a(an)
A. ethnic group.
B. racial group.
C. reference group.
D. status group.

racial group

. German Americans, Italian Americans, and Norwegian Americans are all examples of
A. racial groups.
B. ethnic groups.
C. stereotypes.
D. none of these

ethnic group

Which of the following is a minority group in the U.S.?
A. women
B. Protestants
C. Whites
D. all of these

women

An unreliable generalization about all members of a group which does not recognize individual differences within the group is referred to as
A. differential association.
B. exploitation.
C. a stereotype.
D. institutional discrimination

a stereotype

Which of the following illustrates institutional discrimination?
A. A country club has a rule specifying that no Italians or Jews may be members.
B. A mental institution in New York will not allow residents of Connecticut to receive services in the facility.
C. To save money, a city fires all employees hired during the last three years. During the last three years, the city has had an aggressive minority-hiring program, and the majority of those fired are therefore members of various minority groups.
D. A prejudiced personnel officer refuses to hire women.

C

Which of the following is a function of racism?
A. Racist views provide a moral justification for maintaining an unequal society.
B. Racist beliefs discourage the subordinate minority from attempting the question their status as doing so would question the foundation of the society.
C. Racial myths suggest that any societal change (like ending discrimination) would only bring greater poverty to the subordinate group and dominant group.
D. All of the above

all of the above

Expulsion was recently illustrated by
A. Serbian forces driving more than one million Croats and Muslims from their homes.
B. the killing of large numbers of Native Americans.
C. marriages between Whites and Native Americans producing multiracial children.
D. none of these

none of these

. Vladimir, a Russian immigrant to the U.S., insists that everyone call him "Joe," and he refuses to speak Russian, even in casual conversation with Russian-speaking neighbors. This is an example of
A. amalgamation.
B. pluralism.
C. the contact hypothesis.
D. assimilation.

assimilation

A young Japanese man migrated to the U.S. in 1893 and was able to get a menial job. This man was an example of a(an)
A. Issei.
B. Nisei.
C. Sansei.
D. none of these

...

. What term is used by sociologists to describe a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance?
A. ethnic group
B. racial group
C. social group
D. reference group

racial group

A minority group is a group
A. that is set apart from others because of physical differences.
B. that is set apart from others because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.
C. whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant group.
D. that has reached very moral decisions about a way of life.

C

Which of the following terms refers to a negative attitude toward an entire category of people?
A. exploitation
B. prejudice
C. discrimination
D. pluralism

prejudice

Racism is defined as
A. a belief that one race is supreme and that all others are innately inferior.
B. the tendency of people to respond to and act on the basis of stereotypes.
C. the systematic killing of an entire people or nation.
D. the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice.

A

Hate crime laws are directed at crimes involving issues of
A. race/ethnicity.
B. religion.
C. sexual orientation.
D. all of these

all of these

. An invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of the individual's gender, race, or ethnicity is known as
A. pluralism.
B. a glass ceiling.
C. institutional discrimination.
D. exploitation theory.

a glass ceiling

Exploitation theory is a
A. Weberian theory that views racial subordination as benefiting society, because it creates a supply of cheap labor.
B. Parsonian theory that views ethnic subordination as a means of regulating social interactions between dominant and subordinate groups.
C. Spencerian theory that views ethnic subordination as a valuable means of social control.
D. Marxist theory that views racial subordination in the U.S. as a manifestation of the class system inherent in capitalism.

D

Genocide refers to the process of
A. combining a majority group and a minority group through intermarriage to form a new group.
B. expelling a group of people from a territory.
C. deliberately and systematically killing an entire people or the members of a nation.
D. forsaking a cultural identity in order to become part of a different culture.

C

. Expulsion refers to the process of
A. combining a majority group and a minority group through intermarriage to form a new group.
B. expelling a group of people from a territory.
C. deliberately and systematically killing an entire people or the members of a nation.
D. forsaking a cultural identity in order to become part of a different culture.

B

Which of the following terms refers to first-generation Japanese immigrants?
A. Issei
B. Sansei
C. Nisei
D. Cantonese

Issei

William I. Thomas observed that people respond not only to the objective features of a situation or person, but also to the meaning that situation or person has for them. This observation reflects which sociological perspective?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. global perspective

interactionist perspective

. Interactionists would be concerned about the impact of racial profiling on
A. young children.
B. the likelihood of terrorism.
C. relationships in interracial families.
D. intergroup relations.

...

A farmer is called to help sandbag a levy that is about to flood his town. The farmer is stationed between two correctional center inmates who are required to assist in the flood-control efforts. As a result of this experience, the farmer has developed a newfound respect for inmates. This example would be consistent with which perspective?
A. functionalist perspective
B. conflict perspective
C. interactionist perspective
D. global perspective

interactionist perspective

Social institutions

patterns of beliefs and behaviors centered on satisfying/ delivering basic and social needs. (bad apples)

Dr. Brimeyer

teacher name

What was the 14 amendment used for

used to give corporations the right to people

male and feale percentage of getting acancer

male 50%
female 33%

why are so many people in the US getting cancer

RBGH shots giving to cows

University were involved in test for toxocity

given to rats for 30 days

What do romans call poor people

Peebs

Movie supports what theory

Dependency theory

The nag factor

parents wrote down every time their kid nag them

General Butler

Suppressing other countries for corporations

Facist

when corporations and gov merge into one

privization

own by a company to make a profit

DDT

whipe out vegetation

Corporate form

limited liability take away corporate but not money

who does externality affect

3rd party

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