USHist Civil War

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14 terms · Terms for USH-1, Unit 1 - Ch 4 - Mr. D

Robert E. Lee

Commander of the Confederate Army

Anaconda Plan

Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south

Ulysses S. Grant

an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). The leading Union general in the American Civil War.

Battle of Shiloh

an 1862 Civil War battle in Tennessee that ended in a Union victory

Battle of Antietam

bloodiest day in US history, Maryland, led to the Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free

Copperhead

northern democrat who advocated making peace with the Confederacy during the Civil War

habeas corpus

a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge

Clara Barton

Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross

Battle of Vicksburg

Turning point in the West. Union victory. The North now controlled the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in half.

Battle of Gettysburg

Turning point in the East that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.

Gettysburg Address

a famous speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln in Nov. 1863 at the dedication of a national cemitary on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg

total war

Type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic, as well as military, targets.

John Wilkes Booth

United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)

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