Healthy Living Online Unit 1-7

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e2020

By definition, a socially healthy person has access to clean water and adequate living space and makes an effort to recycle.

F

Premature death can occur if the dimensions of health are underdeveloped.

T

The media's role is primarily entertainment, so it has little effect on our wellness.

F

A(n) _________ person is free from mental illness, has a desire to try new things, and high self esteem.

mentally healthy

Spiritual health is defined by __________.

none of the above

Wellness is a continuum, which means __________.

personal wellness can vary between very poor and very good

Sarah has optimal health, but she lives in a metro area that has high levels of air pollution. Which dimension of health will be lower for Sarah?

Environmental

How has the development of technology positively affected our wellness?

It has increased the quality and availability of treatments.

How can you increase your awareness of hereditary diseases?

all of the above

Which of the following does NOT contribute to wellness?

tendencies

Deaths due to lifestyle diseases have declined since the early 1900s.

F

A risk factor can be defined as anything that increases the likelihood of injury or disease.

T

Personal behavior is the only factor that determines if a person becomes ill.

F

An advocate speaks out in favor of something they believe in.

T

About 1 million premature deaths are caused by air pollution each year around the world.

F

What's the purpose behind getting vaccinated against a disease?

to prevent a person from contracting a disease

Which of the following is NOT a reason why communicable diseases, such as pneumonia, kill fewer people today than they did in the past?

slower population growth

If someone is predisposed to a disease, they are more likely to contract the disease due to __________.

heredity

Mindy is speaking at a community event to help people understand the importance of healthy eating. Which statement BEST describes Mindy's behavior?

Mindy is acting as a health advocate.

Which of the following is a controllable risk factor of infectious diseases?

drug abuse

Heart disease, lung disease, and diabetes can be considered __________.

lifestyle diseases

An individual is a fifty-year-old smoker that lives in a highly polluted city, gets no exercise, eats fast food every day, and has a family history of lung cancer. Which of the following is an uncontrollable risk factor?

heredity

Wellness is a goal for which we all strive by improving each of the six dimensions of health.

T

Overall health is related to a balance of the six dimensions of health.

T

Someone who promotes health and chooses safe, healthy, and legal behaviors is demonstrating which of the following skills?

being responsible

Physical health refers to the degree of functionality of a person's body.

T

Heart disease and cancer were two of the most common causes of death in 2006.

T

Deciding how to get home is considered a routine decision.

F

Having a positive attitude helps decision making to become a more positive experience.

T

Students should only talk to friends when struggling to make a decision rather than a parent, teacher, or school counselor.

F

External factors in decision making include all of the following EXCEPT:

ethics

Thinking about and listing one's options in the process of decision making include all of the following EXCEPT:

predicting what friends will think

Once you have come to a decision, you should "go" over it and __________.

all of the above

When deciding whether to take prescription drugs that are not intended for you, what step of the STRONG process is being employed?

Rate

Which of the following is a characteristic of making good decisions?

carefully analyzing the decision

The BEST way to correct a poor decision is to __________.

stop, think, and go

Which of the following is NOT true of correcting poor decisions?

Correcting a poor decision will make you more popular in school.

Which of these is NOT a routine decision?

deciding to end a relationship

Economic factors in decision making fall under the category of __________.

external factors

One reason poor decisions are often made is because of impulsiveness.

T

When making decisions, you should not worry about how your decision will affect others.

F

Every decision has consequences.

T

Deciding how to get home is considered a routine decision.

F

Having a positive attitude helps decision making to become a more positive experience.

T

Embarrassment or humiliation can be a consequence of poor decision making.

T

Students should only talk to friends when struggling to make a decision rather than a parent, teacher, or school counselor.

F

External factors in decision making include all of the following EXCEPT:

ethics

Which of the following is NOT an internal factor of decision making?

peer pressure

When you "Rate," or analyze, the consequences of your decisions, HELP can assist you with which of the following?

evaluating the consequences of decisions

Thinking about and listing one's options in the process of decision making include all of the following EXCEPT:

predicting what friends will think

Personal action plans should not be flexible and cannot be modified.

F

Tasks are required activities that need to take place in order to complete a goal.

T

It is not beneficial to have an effective purpose when setting goals.

F

Modifying your personal action plan can impede personal fitness goals.

F

Which of the following would NOT be an example of a long-term goal?

run a 5k in three weeks

Which of the following is an example of a healthy short-term goal?

eat nutritious meals

When creating the final version of your action plan you want to ensure that all of the following are true of your action plan EXCEPT:

A.
all of the goals that you created for yourself are realistic and can be met

B.
all of the goals reflect the same specific topic

C.
you have created a time frame for yourself in which to achieve your goals

D.
each goal is flexible and can be easily modified

B. all of the goals reflect the same specific topic

What is the purpose of brainstorming during the development of an action plan?

It increases the likelihood that key points will be included.

Which of the following is the most important step in the process of setting goals?

devising a way to achieve the goals

Which of the following is NOT a short-term fitness goal?

establishing healthier nutritional habits

Which of the following is NOT a necessary step to effectively prioritize goals?

determining a set of tasks for each goal

Good personal hygiene can help to develop positive self-esteem.

T

Your hair is composed of live cells that need vitamins and nutrients.

F

Energy from sunlight is harmful to our skin.

T

Exposure to the Sun's harmful infrared radiation should be kept to a minimum.

T

In order to maintain good sleep hygiene, it is best to reserve your bed for sleeping and to engage in all other activities in other parts of your house.

T

What is a common hygiene practice for all parts of the body?

regular cleaning

Rank the following consequences of sunlight exposure from least serious to most serious.

sunburn, premature aging, skin cancer

Which of the following can be used to limit skin damage from sunlight?

sunscreen

If you're trying to get to sleep, you should NOT __________.

think about stressful topics while in bed

Which foods hinder your ability to sleep?

chocolate and spicy foods

A general definition of media is "methods for communicating information."

T

All websites with medical information should be considered credible.

F

Health messaging through the media can be both positive and negative.

T

When making informed decisions about health products or procedures, it's important to consider __________.

credibility, risks, and costs

When choosing a healthcare provider, who is responsible for making sure insurance covers the care?

you

Which of these statements is NOT true?

Advertising is not a contributing factor for underaged alcohol drinking.

Advertisements are designed to __________.

all of the above

The average adult in the US watches _____ hours of television each week.

28

Which of the following recently developed technologies has NOT greatly increased the speed of information dissemination?

typewriter

Which statement describes a key effect of technology?

Technology creates more sources of information.

Primary care physicians are responsible for diagnosis and treatment.

T

Those who are ill should see a specialist before visiting their primary care physician.

F

Being underinsured is one of the main reasons that some people are unable to get quality health care.

T

The only question you should ask a personal trainer is whether or not they are certified.

F

Which type of doctor specializes in teeth and jaw alignment?

orthodontist

Which type of doctor treats the largest range of ailments?

pediatrician

Which of the following is NOT an important factor in selecting a medical professional?

appearance

How does a health savings account (HSA) help people save money?

The money is in a tax-free account.

A primary care physician is BEST described as a medical professional who __________.

is often the first point of contact for patients

Healthcare costs will rise in the future because __________.

healthcare providers will charge more for certain types of patients

Which type of medical insurance typically offers the least amount of flexibility in selecting a primary care physician?

HMO

Which of the following is NOT a duty a nurse would perform?

Nurses prescribe medicine to their patients.

HMO coverage has much more flexibility than PPO coverage.

F

Julie needs to find a primary care physician. Which of the following processes would be the BEST for her to follow?

make a list of doctors, check on their skills, make an appointment

Prescription drugs account for 25% of all healthcare-related costs.

F

Personal trainers perform completely different functions for their clients than health and wellness coaches.

F

Which of the following goals is NOT a focus of typical community health promotion efforts?

lower prescription costs

Harry has medical insurance through an HMO. He would like to see a podiatrist about the foot pain he has been having. What is the first step he will have to take in order to see his podiatrist?

get a referral from his primary care physician

Products approved by the FDA are completely without risk.

F

One responsibility of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research is to work with product marketers.

F

It is ultimately up to the buyer to avoid fraud.

T

Using evidence to dispel myths or false beliefs is one way to move closer to evidence-based practice.

T

Some people think that a low-carbohydrate diet is healthy. Which of the following statements is the most likely reason for that fallacy?

Many people are able to lose weight with the diet.

How much money is wasted on fraudulent health products each year in the US?

billions of dollars

Doing sit-ups will not reduce belly fat because __________.

it is impossible to reduce fat in just one area of the body

You should be worried about the safety of a healthcare product if you see which of the following claims made?

Miracle cure!

The Chinese practice of "cupping" is traditionally intended to rebalance __________.

energy

The way a chef prepares a food dish affects __________.

all of the above

Which organ is in the most immediate danger of being harmed by a low-carbohydrate diet?

kidneys

One responsibility of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research is to work with product marketers.

F

It is ultimately up to the buyer to avoid fraud.

T

Using evidence to dispel myths or false beliefs is one way to move closer to evidence-based practice.

T

Which of the following is the average amount of time needed to get FDA approval for a new drug?

48 months

Which of the following is a reason that a drug may not receive FDA approval?

The drug is ineffective.

How much money is wasted on fraudulent health products each year in the US?

billions of dollars

Doing sit-ups will not reduce belly fat because __________.

it is impossible to reduce fat in just one area of the body

A fallacy is a __________.

false or mistaken idea often based on illogical or invalid reasoning and facts

The Chinese practice of "cupping" is traditionally intended to rebalance __________.

energy

The Office of Regulator Affairs is a part of which federal organization?

FDA

Products approved by the FDA are completely without risk.

F

One responsibility of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research is to work with product marketers.

F

It is ultimately up to the buyer to avoid fraud.

T

Using evidence to dispel myths or false beliefs is one way to move closer to evidence-based practice.

T

Some people think that a low-carbohydrate diet is healthy. Which of the following statements is the most likely reason for that fallacy?

Many people are able to lose weight with the diet.

How much money is wasted on fraudulent health products each year in the US?

billions of dollars

Doing sit-ups will not reduce belly fat because __________.

it is impossible to reduce fat in just one area of the body

You should be worried about the safety of a healthcare product if you see which of the following claims made?

Miracle cure!

The Chinese practice of "cupping" is traditionally intended to rebalance __________.

energy

The way a chef prepares a food dish affects __________.

all of the above

Which organ is in the most immediate danger of being harmed by a low-carbohydrate diet?

kidneys

One responsibility of the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research is to work with product marketers.

F

It is ultimately up to the buyer to avoid fraud.

T

Using evidence to dispel myths or false beliefs is one way to move closer to evidence-based practice.

T

Which of the following is the average amount of time needed to get FDA approval for a new drug?

48 months

Which of the following is a reason that a drug may not receive FDA approval?

The drug is ineffective.

How much money is wasted on fraudulent health products each year in the US?

billions of dollars

Doing sit-ups will not reduce belly fat because __________.

it is impossible to reduce fat in just one area of the body

A fallacy is a __________.

false or mistaken idea often based on illogical or invalid reasoning and facts

The Chinese practice of "cupping" is traditionally intended to rebalance __________.

energy

The Office of Regulator Affairs is a part of which federal organization?

FDA

The Internet is the main tool marketers use to sell fraudulent products.

T

Most fast-food advertisements focus on the high levels of salt and fat contained in the food.

F

Which of the following statements led to the myth that men suffer from heart disease more often than women?

Women show different symptoms than men.

Please select the best answer from the choices provided.

T

Misleading advertising messages regarding fast food are often given by __________.

athletes

Julie needs to find a primary care physician. Which of the following processes would be the BEST for her to follow?

make a list of doctors, check on their skills, make an appointment

Overall, technology has had a beneficial effect on medical treatment.

T

All houses are built according to safety standards, so it is not important to consider injury prevention while at home.

F

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