World War 2

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31 terms · The United States in WWII

Wolf pack

The term wolf pack refers to the mass-attack tactics against convoys used by German U-boats of the Kriegsmarine during the Battle of the Atlantic and submarines of the United States Navy against Japanese shipping in the Pacific Ocean in World War II.

Erwin Rommel

German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)

operation torch

Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from November 1942 to September 1943

Dwight D. Eisenhower

leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2--leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president-president during integration of Little Rock Central High School

Tuskegee Airmen

332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.

Operation overload

(FDR) , Name given to the planned Allied invasion of France

D-Day

planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris

Battle of Bulge

WW II battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west

anti-Semitism

prejudice and/or hatred of Jews.

Kristallnacht

(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.

Concentration camps

prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.

ghettos

Sections of towns and cities in which Jews were forced to live.

genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Final Solution

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Douglas MacArthur

United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II

Bataan Death march

April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.

James Doolittle

Commanded the mission that dropped the first U.S. bombs on japan

War Refugee Board

a group established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that helped 20,000 Jews who might otherwise have fallen in to the hands of the Nazis.

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Battle of Midway

U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.

Code talkers

Native Americans who served in the United States Marine corps whose primary job was the transmission of secret tactical messages in their native Navajo language, circa WW2.

kamikaze

a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II

battle of Iwo Jima

lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines, and more than 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed, this battle is also notable for the famous photograph of US marines lifting the American flag to a standpoint

Battle of Okinawa

World War II battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S. troops

Yalta Conference

1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war

Occupy

march aggressively into another's territory by military force for the purposes of conquest and occupation

V-E Day

May 8, 1945; The name of the day which ended World War II

Enola Gay

the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.

V-J Day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945

United Nations

organization founded after World War II to promote international peace and cooperation.

Potsdam Conference

The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdam, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.

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