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Lyra induces Moe to enter into a contract for the sale of an apartment about which Lyra fraudulently misrepresents a number of material facts. Lyra tells Moe that her commission is 6 percent, but their signed, written contract states "12 percent." The Statute of Frauds governs

contracts that must be in writing to be enforceable

Grandiloquent Properties, Inc., and Investment Capital Corporation enter into a con-tract for a sale of land. To be enforceable, the contract must be in writing if the land is valued at

any price

Timber Farms, Inc., and Wood Products Corporation enter into an oral contract for the sale of a lumber mill and the land on which it is situated from Timber to Wood. Under the Statute of Frauds, this contract is enforceable by

none of the choices

Kirk Custodial Service and Green Energy Company enter into an oral contract under which Kirk agrees to provide custodial service for Green's facilities for two years. This contract is en¬forceable by

none of the choices.

Garden & Yard Landscaping and Penelope enter into an oral contract under which she agrees to work on a Garden & Yard project on Valley Country Club's golf course for sixteen months. This con¬tract is enforceable by

none of the choices

Natalie agrees to assume Orina's debt to Consumer Credit Corporation. Natalie does not get any personal benefit for the agreement. To be enforceable, the prom¬ise must be in writing if the debt is for

any amount.

Steve agrees to assume a debt of Thumb Grippers Company to Main Street Bank. The agreement is not in writing. To be enforceable, the promise must be for the benefit of

Steve.

Niche Credit, Inc., is one of Cut-Rite Notching Corporation's two major creditors. Niche guarantees Cut-Rite's debt to the firm's other major creditor, Manufacturers Capital Bank, to forestall litigation. To be enforce¬able, this guarantee

need not be in writing if it benefits Niche Credit

Clay buys an MP3 player for $200 and a pair of stereo speakers for $600 from a Discount City store, and downloads $300 worth of digital music from E-Music.com. To be enforceable, the contract that must be in writing is the purchase of

the speakers only.

Elle buys a new textbook for $100 and a used car for $5,000, and signs a one-year lease for an apartment for $1,000 monthly rent to start at the beginning of the next month. The Statute of Frauds covers

the apartment lease and the car purchase only.

Pablo and Melia enter into an oral contract for Pablo's sale to Melia of a laptop computer for $400. Assuming the terms can be proved, the con¬tract is enforceable by

the seller or the buyer.

Nori files a suit against Mica to enforce an oral contract that would otherwise be unenforceable under the Statute of Frauds. The court could enforce such a contract if

Nori foreseeably and justifiably relied on Mica's promise to her detriment.

Uri and Vicky orally agree on the sale of Uri's Nite Club to Vicky and note terms on a pair of the Club's napkins, which they both sign. A written memorandum evidencing an oral contract that would otherwise be unenforceable must contain

the essential terms.

Shady Oaks Development, LLC, and Rural Acres, Inc., sign a writ¬ten contract for a sale of land. In some states, to be enforceable, this con¬tract must include

a description of the land

Glenn and Haji sign a written contract. Glenn claims that the parties later orally agreed to modify it. Any oral modification is likely not enforceable if it falls under

the Statute of Frauds

Ginamarie files a suit against Gaming Innovators Unlimited, Inc., to enforce a written con¬tract between the parties. If the court finds that the parties intended the contract to be the final statement of their agreement, parol evidence can be admitted to prove

an orally agreed-on condition precedent.

Fresh Air Filter & Purification Company and Big Box Commercial Storage Company enter into a long-term lease for a warehouse. To be enforceable, the lease must be in writ¬ing if the amount of the rent payment is

any price.

Eustace and Durango Oil Company enter into an oral contract under which Eustace agrees to work on a Durango oil rig for not less than six months. This contract is enforce¬able by

none of the choices.

Isaac and Holiday Fruit Company enter into an oral contract under which Isaac agrees to pro¬vide delivery service for holiday Fruit for nine months. This con¬tract is enforceable by

none of the choices

Dotty tells a representative of Education Loan Company over the phone that she will pay Felipe's student loan if he does not. Dotty does not get any per¬sonal benefit for the promise. This promise is enforceable as a contract by

none of the choices.

Grady obtains a business loan from Farmers County Bank. To keep Grady in business, and thereby obtain the benefits of a deal between them, Dakota promises the bank's loan officer that she will repay the loan if Grady does not. To be enforceable, Dakota's promise

need not be in writing.

Lena buys a used MP3 player for $50 and a new laptop for $1,500, and signs a one-year employment contract for a $4,500 monthly salary to start at the beginning of the next month. The Statute of Frauds covers

the employment contract and the laptop purchase only.

Rand offers Quade the amount of a down payment on a house if Quade marries Rand's daughter Pepper. This promise is enforceable

only if it is in writing

Valley Commercial Space, Inc., orally contracts for a lease of its facilities to Willis for the use of his start-up driftboat company. Willis pays part of the price, takes possession, and improves the property for his boatbuilding enterprise. The contract is most likely enforceable by

Valley and Willis.

Sierra Lumber Company and Recycle & Resale, Inc., (R&R) enter into an oral contract for Sierra's sale to R&R of six used forklifts for $2,900 each. Before R&R takes posses¬sion of the goods, this contract is enforceable by

none of the choices.

Beta Grocers orders by phone twenty cartons of canned beets from Carotene Food Packers, Inc. After ten cartons are delivered and accepted, Beta repudiates the contract. Carotene can enforce the contract to

the extent of the ten accepted cartons.

Gia orally promises Heck that she will buy his fishing trawler. For this promise to be enforceable under the doctrine of promissory estoppel

Heck must act in reliance on Gia's promise to his detriment.

E-Business, Inc. files a suit against Federated Financial Corporation, asking the court to enforce an oral contract between the parties under the doctrine of promissory estoppel. This doctrine applies in

some states.

Trey and Unice orally agree on the sale of Trey's Health Club to Unice and note the terms on a sheet of the club's stationery, which Trey signs. This agreement is most likely enforceable against

Trey

Nutrition Services, LLC, and Oneida's Catering & Café Supply Company sign a writ¬ten con¬tract that does not involve a sale of goods. To be enforceable, the writing must include

a statement of the consideration

Vern's Roofing Company and Weatherall Tiles, Inc., sign a written con¬tract for a sale of goods. To be enforceable, this written contract must include

a quantity term, such as "50 pallets" or "100 cartloads."

Vidal files a suit against Spectator Sports World, Inc., to enforce a con¬tract. The only written evidence of the contract is a memo on Spectator's let¬terhead signed by a company officer. The con¬tract can be en¬forced if the memo includes

all essential terms

Ramon contracts in writing to sell his Little Shop of Bagels to Suni. When Suni discovers that the kitchen equipment has been removed, she files a suit against Ramon. The court decides that the written contract includes everything that the parties intended. An agreement about the kitchen equipment may be admissible if it is

a subsequent modification of the parties' contract

Sid induces Ty to enter into a contract for the sale of a warehouse about which Sid fraudulently misrepresents a number of material facts. Sid also tells Ty that his commission is 6 percent, but their signed, written contract states "12 percent." The parol evidence rule governs

the admissibility in court of oral evidence

The transaction between Macro and NFC falls within the Statute of Frauds'

one-year rule

Between Macro and NFC, there is

a written contract

Serenity later disputes some of the provisions in the deal with Radford. If the dispute results in litigation, a court will most likely exclude evidence that

contradicts the written terms.

The writing that Radford and Serenity signed is

a completely integrated contract.

. Pete later disputes some of the provisions of the deal with Odell. If the dispute results in litigation, a court will most likely admit evidence of

consistent additional terms

The writing that Odell and Pete signed is

a partially integrated contract.

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