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Biologists and anthropologists generally agree on a five-member classification system to universally distinguish one race from another (T/F)

False

The way in which race is determined is a universal cultural constant (T/F)

False

Everyone who shares a respective ethnic identity expresses that identity through the same ethnic work (T/F)

True

Research has demonstrated that prejudice can have positive ramifications (T/F)

True

The process of compartmentalization helps people who engage in genocide to maintain a sense of behind good and moral (T/F)

True

Most Asian Americans trace their heritage to Japan (T/F)

False

Gender stratification refers to the unequal access to power, property, and prestige of males and females (T/F)

True

The major theories on the origin of patriarchy point to the social consequences of human reproduction (T/F)

True

The ratio of women who work for wages is evenly distributed throughout the United States (T/F)

False

The Supreme Court has ruled that sexual harassment laws do not apply equally to homosexuals who are harassed by heterosexuals on the job (T/F)

False

The terms "life span" and "life expectancy" are interchangeable and virtually mean the same thing (T/F)

False

Historically, television advertisements and other forms of media have portrayed elderly people with negative images (T/F)

True

Traditional authority is based on what has been agreed to by reasonable people and written into law (T/F)

False

Bureaucratic authority and charismatic authority are identical forms of power (T/F)

False

The United States first began as city-states (T/F)

False

Political action committees are a threat to American democracy because they have the capability of influencing elected officials more than the voters who placed them in office (T/F)

False

Sociologist Nicholas Timasheff suggests that social causes of war are can be traced to societies that have a cultural tradition of war combined with an antagonistic situation involving incompatible objectives (T/F)

True

In a pure socialist economy, members of the central committee, supervisors, and factory workers are all employees of the government (T/F)

True

Convergence theory suggests that the two economic systems of capitalism and socialism will grow further and further apart, which will lead to international mistrust and trade wars (T/F)

False

Internet dating has become the most popular way to meet a prospecitve mate (T/F)

False

Among all family groups, Native Americans are the most likely to be permissive with their children and avoid physical punishment (T/F)

True

Research shows divorced fathers often have little contact with their children (T/F)

False

Although women are having children at a later time in life, more married women give birth today then did twenty years ago (T/F)

False

The chances of divorce increase as the level of one's education and income increases (T/F)

False

Ashley Montagu, a physical anthropologist, classified humans into _________ different racial groups

40

The massacre of Native Americans in the 1800s, the extermination of the Jews in Nazi Germany, and the slaughter of the Tutsis in Rwanda are all examples of _________

Genocide

As described in the text, what are two myths of race

One race is superior to another; pure races exist

While race might reflect our biological heritage, ______ reflects our cultural heritage

Ethnicity

What is the Implicit Association Test?

It is a visual perception test that links race to desirable and undesirable words

What did Ezekiel suggest as the reason why some people are attracted to racist hate groups?

Hate groups provide some people with a type of meaning in their lives

The group in society made up of the unemployed who can be put to work during times of high production and then laid off when they are no longer needed is called _________

The reserve labor force

Which statement is most accurate regarding the meaning of race?

Race varies, depending upon the society in which its meaning is constructed

What did sociologist Peter Berger suggest as being the ultimate foundation of any political state?

Violence

Why do rational-legal and traditional authorities take careful precautions in opposing charismatic leaders?

Charismatic leaders have more followers than traditional or rational-legal leaders

Carl lives in a small New England town where he and other residents attend monthly town meetings. At these meetings, they publicly vote on issues concerning the town. These monthly town meetings are an example of __________ democracy

Direct

What is the specific gift the U.S. gave to the world that addressed a person's rights based by birth and residence?

The concept of citizenship

Max Weber used the term __________ to refer to the transition of authority from a charismatic leader to either a rational-legal authority or traditional authority

Routinization of charisma

In Kolondahar, a small group of high ranking military officers makes the decisions that determine national policy. This form of government describes __________

An oligarchy

Which political party garnished 19 percent of the vote for president in 1992, but dropped to 8 percent in the 1996 election, and virtually none in subsequent elections?

Reform party

Frank, Jim, Martha and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores such as cooking, cleaning, and laundry. Each contributes a share of their earnings to pay utilities and food costs. Sociologists would describe this group as a __________

Household

In Bongo Bongo, male members of the tribe may each legally have three wives. This is a family relationship defined as __________

Polygyny

Maria is a single working mother. While she is at work, her infant son is most likely to be _____

With his grandparents

From a sociological perspective of marriage and divorce, to what does the term continuities refer?

The degree to which divorced couples maintain contact

Which sentence best describes the divorce rate of remarried people without children?

It is higher than the divorce rate of first marriages

If we want to curb violence, we should concentrate on _________

Both women and men

Which of the following statements is not true about cohabitation trends?

Couples who cohabit before marriage are less likely to get divorced

Who are the most common incest offenders?

Brothers

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