Foundations of Medieval Europe

40 terms by ALC2

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Middle Ages

the period between the fall of the Roman Empire in the west (470) and the beginning of the European Renaissance in the 1400s. This period is also known as "Medieval."

Franks

Germanic power led by Clovis who held power in the Roman province of Gaul.

Monastery

a religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a like of prayer and worship

Secular

of or pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious, spiritual, or sacred

Carolingian

Relating to the Frankish dynasty, founded by Charlemagne's father, that ruled in western Europe from 750 to 987.

Dynasty

when rule of a country or empire passes down through the family from one generation to the next

Charlemagne

Also known as Charles the Great, the ruler of the Franks and founder of western Europe after the falls of Rome

Lord

in the middle ages, a noble who owned and controlled all activities on his manor

Fief

land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service

Vassal

in the middle ages, a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for loyalty

Knight

in medieval Europe, an armored warrior who fought on horseback

Serf

in medieval Europe, peasant bound to the lord's land

Manor

In medieval Europe, a large, self-sufficient landholding consisting of the lord's residence (manor house), outbuildings, peasant village, and surrounding land.

Tithe

pay a tenth of one's income, especially to the church

Chivalry

Knightly qualities such as valor fairness, courtesy, respect for women, and protection of the poor

Tournament

under feudalism, a series of martial activities such as jousts designed to keep knights busy during peacetime and help prepare for war.

Troubadour

a traveling performer who wandered from place to place in France, Italy, and Spain, singing songs and reciting poems abou th echivalrous deeds of knights

Clergy

(n.) members of Christian holy orders (Though the villagers viewed the church rectory as quaint and charming,who lived there regarded it as a mildewy and dusty place that aggravated their allergies.

Sacrament

An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. There are seven sacraments.

Canon Law

The law of the Roman Catholic church. Originally a loose collection of papal decrees and edicts from church councils about the rules and practice of the faith, canon laws became a means through which the papacy asserted its authority over the church and medieval society.

Holy Roman Empire

a Germanic empire located chiefly in central Europe that began with the coronation of Charlemagne as Roman emperor in a.d. 800

Lay Investiture

the feudal ceremony of investiture performed by a person who is not a member of the clergy

Germanic peoples

people who lived along borders of Rome and learned Roman ways, became allies. ex, Visigoths, Ostrogoths

Ostrogoths

Germanic tribe that established rule in Rome after the collapse of empire; controlled lands in southern Gaul; ultimately defeated by other Germanic tribes, assimilating into culture of area

Visigoths

The Visigoths first emerge as a distinct people during the fourth century, initially in the Balkans, where they participated in several wars with Rome. A Visigothic army under Alaric I eventually moved into Italy and famously sacked Rome in 410.

Angles

Came from Germany; invaded Rome with Saxons

Saxons

a germanic people that conquered England and merged with the Angles to become Anglo-Saxons

Frankish kingdom

franks became an organized and powerful kingdom. began feudalism in europe. (important ruler was charlemagne)

Clovis

Early Frankish king; converted Franks to Christianity c. 496; allowed establishment of Frankish kingdom.

Merovingian dynasty

a Frankish dynasty founded by Clovis I that reigned in Gaul and Germany from about 500 to 750

Arian Christianity

A 4th cent. heresy that taught that jesus wasn't made of the same substance as his father, and had therefore been created

Germany

Nation that is forced to shoulder heavy reparations and sole responsibility for conflict

wergeld

weregeld was a person's value in monetary terms, which was paid by a wrongdoer to the family of the person who had been injured or killed.

compurgation

an ancient form of trial in which an accused person cold call 11 people to swear to their belief in his innocence

ordeal

a means of determining guilt in Germanic law; it was based on the idea of divine intervention; all involved a physical trial of some sort for example using red hot irons

bishops

Church leaders who are the sucessors of the Apostles. Bishops recieve all 3 orders of the sacrament of Holy Orders

bishop of Rome

Roman Emperor picks pope, St. Benedict is the first. he says monastiscism needs to withdraw from society, makes monks copiers.

pope

The head of the Roman Catholic Church

Gregory I

"Gregory the Great"; broadened the authority of the papacy, or pope's office, beyond spiritual role; papacy became secular power involved in politics

Papal States

A group of territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870. They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859. The last papal state—the Vatican City—was formally established as a separate state by the Lateran Treaty of 1929.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set