vocab and spelling(brandi)

Created by mrc13b2006 

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92 terms

a-, an-

without

ante-, pre-

before

circum-

around

dys-

abnormal, painful, difficult

endo-

within

hemi-, semi-

half

hyper-, poly-

above normal, excessive

hypo-, sub-

below normal, below, underneath, inferior

intra-

within

peri-

around

-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ia, -ic, -ory, -ous, -tic

pertaining to, condition(of)

-algia, -dynia

pain

-emia

blood

-itis

inflammation

-lysis,-lytic

destruction

-malacia

softening

-phage, -phagy, -phagia

to eat or digest

-ptosis

sagging or drooping

-rrhage, -rrhagia

heavy discharge

-rrhaphy

suturing

-rrhea

discharge, flowing

-rrhexis

rupture

-stomy

opening

-tomy

the process of cutting

-trophic, -trophy

nutrition

cyan/o

blue

singular: -nx

plural: -nges

singular: -um

plural: -a

onych/o

nail

cost/o

ribs

aden/o

gland

cardi/o

heart

thromb/o

clot

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat)

cholecytes/o

gallbladder

col/o, colon/o

(large) intestine, colon

cyst/o

bladder,sac

noct/o

night

neur/o

nerve

blephar/o

eyelid

-cusis

hearing

-ptosis

sagging or drooping

colp/o, vagin/o

vagina

mamm/o, mast/o

breast

men/o

month, menstruation

EEG

electroencephalogram

ascites

abnormal fluid

cholecystolithiasis

abnormal condition of gallbladder stone

dermatology

study of skin

dialysis

complete seperation; breakdown

femur

thigh bone

inversion

movement of the sole of the foot toward the medial plane

jaundic

yellowish discoloration of the sclera and skin due to the presence of bile pigments

phlebotomist

work specialized in obtaining blood samples

pneunemonitis

inflammation of the lungs

ventricle

one of the two lower chambers of the heart

acne vulgaris

skin condition characterized by inflammation of sebaceuos glands and producing pimples

adduction

to draw together toward the midline

alimentary canal

the intestinal tract, from esophagus to rectum

anatomical position

position of the human body upright, facing foward with the palms facing toward the front oh the body

atria

the upper chambers of the heart

chyme

mixture of partially digested food and digestive fluids

circumversion

rotation of an extremity on a circular motion

combining forms

the word root with a combining form vowel

diaphragm

the muscle of breathing that seperates the thoras fron the abdomen

dorsal

pertaining to the back

eversion

the movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane

GI system

digestive tract, alimentary canal, system of organs within multi-cellular animals that takes food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, expels remaining waste

histologist

a person engaged in the study of the microscopic structure of tissue

human organism

the collective higher individual resulting from the organization of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems

inferior

below, under

Integumentary system

the largest organ system by surface area; including skin, hair nails

Internal

the inner most pasrts of the body

leukocyte

a white blood cell

myocardium

the muscle layer of the heart

plural

the form of a term that indicates more than one

polyneuralgia

pain in the nerves

posterior

toward the rear or back or toward the caudal end

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the kidney, pelvis and nephrons

singular

the form of a term that indicates the presence of only one

superficial

on the surface

superior vena cava

large but short vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper part of the heart's right atrium

tissue

a collection of similar cells and fibers forming a structure in the body

viscera

internal organs

word root

a component of a medical term that does not have a combining form vowel attached

dorsal cavity

is the back

midsagittal plane(medial)

vertically seperates the body into left and right

proxim/o

near

supine position

laying on back; face up

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