a large landmass that juts out from a continent
a strong wind that blows across East Asia at certain times of the year
a fortress in a city
to move from one place to settle in another area
a social class of people
a representation of a Hindu god or goddess in human or animal form
belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death
the founder of the Maurya Empire. He succeeded in bringing together most of the Indian subcontinent. As a result, He is considered the first unifier of India and the first genuine emperor of India. became fearful for his life and starved to death as a monk.
In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties
the Hindu idea of nonviolence
a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet. Cut off India from the rest of Asia. Contains Mt. Everest.
The grandson of Chandragupta who also was a leader of the Mauryan Empire. He converted to Buddhism from Hinduism after the Battle of Kalinga and tolerated other religions other than Buddhism when he was the leader.
The season when dry winds blow from the northeast across the Himalaya Mountains toward the sea.
river in Pakistan that creates a fertile plain known as the Indus River Valley
Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals.
ancient city whose language, government, and religion are unknown
Hindu Kush Mountains
Mountain range found in Asia
Indus River Decline- farmers leave the river valley
nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system. Created a mixed population
Four collections of sacred writings produced by the Aryans during an early stage of their settlement in India.
Aryans Social Classes
1. Brahmans 2. warriors, nobles 3. artisans, merchants 4. farm workers, laborers, servants. ( 1 being highest )
POLYTHEISTIC. No single founder, blend of may religions, one of oldest living religions, official religion of India.
wife of Shiva
Hindu religious texts in question and answer form.
Physical Yoga, Yoga of Knowledge, Yoga of Devotion, Yoga of selfless deeds
aka The Buddha or "The Enlightened One". Founder of Buddhism. Was a prince, but experienced suffering and wanted to find the roots of it.
Founder-Buddha(Siddhartha Gautama). Appealed to lower castes AT FIRST hinduism developed until it became dominant again. Almost died out in India but spread to other parts of Asia
to focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness or relaxation
the lasting peace that Buddhists seek by giving up selfish desires. Release from reincarnation
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
The Middle Way/ The Eightfold Path
The path that all Buddhists want to follow; not too much pleasure, and not too much suffering.
Founded by Chandragupta, united India.
Before Maurya Empire
change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief
willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others
subcontinent jutting out from Asia. Population over 1 billion.