Chapter 10

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Andrew Jackson's inauguration was:

a large, rowdy event.

The Dorr War:

pitted proponents of expanded voting rights for whites against the status quo in Rhode Island.

By 1840, approximately ____________ percent of adult white men were eligible to vote.

90

By the 1830s, the term "citizen" in America had become synonymous with the right to:

vote.

By 1860, free black men could vote on the same basis as whites only in:

five New England states.

In the wake of the War of 1812, younger Republicans like Henry Clay and John Calhoun:

continued to support agrarianism, but believed that the nation's economic independence required a manufacturing sector.

In response to the demand for internal improvements, President James Madison:

called for a constitutional amendment to empower the federal government to build roads and canals.

The Second Bank of the United States was created:

by Congress in 1816, with the support of President Madison.

In the first half of the nineteenth century, paper money:

promised to pay the bearer on demand a specific amount of gold or silver.

The Panic of 1819:

prompted some states to suspend debt collections, which helped debtors but hurt creditors.

In its decision in McCulloch v. Maryland, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that:

the Second Bank of the United States was constitutional.

The term "Era of Good Feelings" refers to the period of American history when:

there seemed to be political harmony during the Monroe administration.

Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820:

the remaining Louisiana Purchase territory was divided into slave and free zones.

Why was a second Missouri Compromise necessary?

Missouri's state constitution barred free blacks from entering the state.

Both Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams suggested that the Missouri controversy of 1820-1821:

revealed a sectional divide that potentially threatened the Union.

The Monroe Doctrine:

declared the Americas off-limits for further European colonization.

In the presidential election of 1824, who received the most votes but failed to win a majority of either the popular or electoral votes (requiring the House of Representatives to select a president)?

Andrew Jackson

Which of the following is NOT true of John Quincy Adams?

He was a firm believer in strict construction of the Constitution.

As president, John Quincy Adams proposed a comprehensive plan for an activist state, which called for all of the following EXCEPT:

free homesteads for settlers on western public lands.

Which of the following statements about Martin Van Buren is FALSE?

A graduate of Harvard, he was known for his sterling intellectual accomplishments.

Which of the following did NOT happen during the election of 1828?

Andrew Jackson challenged Henry Clay to a duel for having engineered his defeat in the "corrupt bargain" of 1824.

By the time of Jackson's presidency, politics:

often emphasized individual politicians with mass followings and popular nicknames.

The practice of giving a political office to someone based on party loyalty is called:

the spoils system.

The national political parties of the second American party system were:

Democrats and Whigs.

The nullification crisis:

involved the fears of some slaveholders that the federal government might take action against slavery.

Who argued in a famous debate with South Carolina's Robert Hayne that the people, not the states, created the Constitution?

Daniel Webster

The Force Act of 1833:

gave the president authority to use military personnel to collect tariffs.

The nullification crisis ended:

with a compromise tariff.

The U.S. Supreme Court's 1832 Worcester v. Georgia decision:

supported the right of the Cherokee people to maintain a separate political identity.

Who was the president of the Second Bank of the United States in 1832?

Nicholas Biddle

How does the Bank War demonstrate that Andrew Jackson enhanced the power of the presidency?

He identified himself as the symbolic representative of all the people with his veto message that appealed directly to the public.

"Hard money" in the 1830s referred to:

gold and silver, also called "specie."

The Panic of 1837:

was caused, in part, by a decline in British demand for American cotton.

What was President Martin Van Buren's new solution to the problem of what to do about the federal government's relationship to banking?

He proposed that federal funds be controlled by government officials rather than by bankers.

Whose 1840 presidential campaign portrayed him as a common man who was born in a log cabin and liked to drink hard cider?

William Henry Harrison

As president, John Tyler:

vetoed a bill to create a new national bank, thus angering Whigs.

Andrew jackson's inauguration was:

a large, rowdy event

many of the members of jackson's kitchen cabinet, as his group of close advisors was known, were:

newspaper editors

as president, john quincy adams proposed a comprehensive plan for an activist state, which called for all of the following EXCEPT:

free homesteads for settlers on western public lands

by 1860, free black men could vote on the same basis as whites only in:

five new england states

the term "era of good feelings" refers to the period of american history when:

there seemed to be political harmony during the monroe administration.

since president madison believed that a constitutional amendment was necessary for the government to build roads and canals, the twelfth amendment was passed by congress and ratified in 1816.

false

the U.S. supreme court's 1832 worcester v. georgia decision:

supported the right of the cherokee people to maintain a separate political identity

the nullification crisis:

involved the fears of some slaveholders that the federal government might take action against slavery

by the 1830s, the term "citizen" in america had become synonymous with the right to:

vote

the kitchen cabinet was an informal group of advisors who helped to write speeches for Andrew Jackson

true

what was president martin van buren's new solution to the problem of what to do about the federal government's relationship to banking?

he proposed that federal funds be controlled by government officials rather than by bankers

"hard money" in the 1830s referred to:

gold and silver, also called "specie"

the french writer alexis de Tocqueville identified democracy as an essential attribute of american freedom

true

the independent treasury completely separated the federal government from the nation's banking system

true

who wrote Exposition and Protest and emerged by the early 1830s as the most prominent spokesman for the right of nullification?

John C. Calhoun

The practice of giving political office to someone based on party loyalty is called:

the spoils system

John C. Calhoun's "corrupt bargain" gave John Quincy Adams the white house in 1824

false

The Dorr war

pitted proponents of expanded voting rights for white against the status quo in Rhode Island

which indian nation fought a war with the U.S. army from 1835 to 1842 to resist removal to the west?

seminole

the key insight of alexis de tocqueville's democracy in america was that:

American democracy really represented an important cultural shift

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