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TSH

is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland

The isleys of which endocrine gland regulate the levels of glucose in our blood?

pancreatic gland

Antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin

are secreted by the neurohypophysis

Which of the following hormones are found within the hypothalmic portal capillaries?

releasing hormones

T3, T4, and calcitonin are

secreted by the throid gland

Insulin

is secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans

Insulin and glucagon

are secreted by the pancreas and are concerned with the regulation of blood glucose

The secretion of cortisol by the adrenal gland suppresses further secretion of ACTH by the anterior pituitary gland. What is the interaction called?

negative feedback control

Which disorder is caused by hyperthyroidism?

graves disease

Insulin, cortisol, thyroxine and oxytocin

are hormones

Which of the following is most descriptive of cAMP?

second checmical messenger

Which of the following is not controlled by a hypothalmic-releasing hormone?

ADH

This gland is associated with sugar, salt, and sex

adrenal cortex

Which of the following is least descriptive of the hypothalmus?

secretes ACTH, TSH, and gonadotropins

Excess secretion of epinephrine

elevates blood glucose

PTH

stimulates osteoclastic activity

ACTH

adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol

Iodine, collois, and goiter refer to this gland

thyroid

Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone

control plasma levels of calcium

Which of the following is least descriptive of the adrenal medulla?

sugar, salt, and sex

Which of the following is a function of parathyroid hormone?

it increases plasma levels of calcium

The neurohypophysis

is the posterior pituitary gland

What is the stimulus for the release of insulin?

high plasma levels of glucose

This gland secretes melatonin and is concerned with our biologic rhythms

pineal gland

Whcih one of the endocrine glands produces epinephrine and norepinephrine?

adrenal

Hypocalcemic tetany

may be cause by a deficiency of PTH

_____________ regulates the amount of calcium in the blood and bones

parathyroid hormone

Which of the following is the response to low plasma levels of calcium?

secretion of PTH

Testosterone is best described as

virilizing

Which of the following is most likely to cause the secretion of calcitonin

elevated plasma calcium

This gland secretes 2 hormones: 1 hormone elevates blood glucose and the 2nd hormone decreases blood glucose

pancreas

Which of the endocrine glands is divided into anterior and posterior lobes?

pituitary

Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone

are secreted by the gonads

Myxedema is

advanced hypothyroidism is adulthood

Sugar, salt, and sex is descriptive of

cortisol, aldosterone, testosterone

Which of the following is characterized by low blood volume?

diabetes insipidus

A deficiency of insulin causes

hyperglycemia

This gland secretes TSH, ACTH, and growth hormone

anterior pituitary gland

Which endocrine gland requires iodine to produce its hormone?

thyroid

The islets of Langerhans

secrete insulin and glucagon

Enlargement of the thyroid gland

is called a goiter

Ketoacidosis is most related to

excess fattyacid catabolism

Oxytocin

is a neurohypophyseal hormone that stimulates the uterine muscle to contract. thereby assisting in labor

The only hormone that lowers blood glucose is

insulin

Which of the following structures connects the hypothalmus and the adenohypophysis?

portal capillaries

The adenohypophysis

refers to the anterior pituitary gland

Cushings disease is

hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex

Which of the following steriods is an androgen?

testosterone

Bronzing

is characterized of chronic adrenal cortical insufficiency (Addison's disease)

Portal capillaries carry releasing hormones from the brain to the

anterior pituitary gland

Catecholamine

include epinephrine (adrenalin) and norepinephrine

What is the most likely effect of a deficiency of aldostterone?

low blood volume and hypotension

The person with __________ is most likely to recieve insulin therapy

hyperglycemia

Which diorder is cause by an overactive adrenal gland?

Cushing's disease

Cretinism, myxedema, and Grave's disease are all

disorders of thyroid gland function

A disease that results in the enlargement of bones of the hands, fett, jaws, and cheeks is:

acromegaly

The adrenal nedulla

is part of te fight or flight responce

Lactogenic hormone

stimulates the mammary gland to make milk

An excessive growth of hair in locations where hair growth in women is normally minimal

hisutism

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