Module 3.6 Vocab - Music Theory Terms "Italian Sixth Chord" - "Mixolydian"

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The Vocabulary from Module 3.6 for the AP Music Theory Exam

Italian sixth chord

An augmented-sixth chord containing the half step above the dominant (in the bass), the half step below the dominant and the tonic.

Key

The scale that predominates in a musical work, reflected by the key signature.

Key Signature

An inventory of the flats and sharps used consistently in a composition or in a section of a composition, grouped together and placed immediately after the clef sign at the beginning of each staff.

Large-scale arpeggiation

Broken triad formations created by the important pitches in a melody, normally involving nonadjacent pitches.

Lead sheet

In popular music and jazz, the representation of the music through the melody along with chord symbols place above it to guide musicians in its performance.

Leading Tone

The functional name given to the major or minor scale degree one halfstep below the tonic, or to the triad formed on this pitch.

Ledger Line

Short horizontal lines representing an extension of the staff, drawn through the stems of notes too high or too low to be places directly on the staff.

Linear chromaticism

Chromatic harmonies formed as the byproducts of chromatic melodic motion.

Lydian

One of six church modes that predated and led to the major and minor scales, viewable today as a major scale with a raised fourth degree.

Major

The mode based on the major scale and its seven diatonic chords.

Major 9 th chord

A five-member chord extending a major triad with the addition of a major seventh and major ninth above the root.

Major seventh chord

The chord formed by the addition of a major seventh above the root of a major triad. It most often is found on the subdominant in a major key (IV7) and on the submediant and mediant (VI7 and III7) in a minor key.

Major Triad

A 3-note chord consisting of two intervals above its root — a major 3 rd and a perfect 5 th — and serving as the tonic, dominant, and subdominant in a major-key work.

Measure

One complete cycle of the accentual pattern in a given meter.

Mediant

The functional name given to the third degree of a major or minor scale or to the triad formed on this pitch.

Melodic Inversion

Turning a melodic figure "upside down" so that its contour and interval structure are a mirror of the original form, with upward steps and leaps becoming downward steps and leaps of the same interval, and vice versa.

Melodic minor

The natural minor scale with the sixth and seventh degrees raised by one half-step in ascent. In descending passages, the sixth and seventh degrees usually are those of the natural minor scale. It is the form most often used for minor-key melodies.

Melodic tonality

The tendency of a melody to define a tonal center by emphasizing that pitch in various ways.

Meter

A regularly recurring pattern of strong and weak pulses that forms the background on which the many rhythms of a piece of music are imposed.

Metric shift

A type of syncopation involving the temporary but extended displacement of the primary accent of a measure.

Minor

The mode based on the minor scale and its diatonic chords.

Minor 9 th chord

A five-member chord extending a minor triad with the addition of a minor seventh and major ninth above the root.

Minor seventh chord

The chord formed by the addition of a minor seventh above the root of a minor triad. It is most often found on the supertonic of a major key and the subdominant on the minor key.

Minor Triad

A 3-note chord consisting of 2 intervals above its roota minor 3rd and a P 5th — and serving as the tonic for a minor-key work.

Mixolydian

One of 6 church modes that predated and led to the major and minor scales, viewable today as a major scale with a lowered seventh degree.

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