An O-H bonded to a carbon atom. Is polar. (eg: Methanol)
Halogen bonded to a carbon atom. (eg: Fluoromethane)
A carboxyl group (COOH) bonded to a carbon chain. The H dissociates and makes the molecules acid. (eg: Formic Acid)
An amine (NH2) bonded to a carbon atom. Is basic. (eg: Methamine)
A carbonyl (C=O) group bonded to a terminal carbon, which is a carbon at the end of the carbon chain. (eg: Formaldehyde)
A carbonyl (C=O) group bonded to a non-terminal carbon. (eg: Acetone, Propanone, Hexone, etc)
An oxygen atom that links two hydrocarbon chains together. (eg: Dimethyl Ether, Diethyl Ether)
A ketone and an ether put together. (eg: Methyl Formate)
When a carbon-carbon double bond is converted into a single bond (or triple bond to double bond) to make room for the two carbons to bond with another atom.
When an atom or group in a compound is replaced with another atom or group.
When two smaller compounds (monomers) are joined to form a larger compound (polymer)
When a larger compound is broken down into smaller compounds
When an organic compound reacts with oxygen at high temperatures to form carbon dioxide and water. Is a redox reaction.
When an organic acid reacts with alcohol to produce water and ester.
When an organic compound reacts in the absence of oxygen to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide.
Made up of three long fatty acid chains (long hydrocarbon chains) attached to a head group with a molecule of glycerol.
Made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and connected in long branching chains. Not water soluble and aggregate to form droplets in water.
Made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in a ratio of 1:2:1. Are also known as sugars and can be used as energy storage units in both plants and animals. Can be straight chains or extensively branched.
Made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Polymers made up of monomers known as nucleotides. Include DNA and RNA -- blueprints of all life.
Polymers made of up monomers called amino acids. Are amphoteric. Enzymes are within this group.
When a bond is broken as a molecule absorbs a photon of light energy.
Destroy the ozone layer. React with light energy to form free chlorine, which reacts with ozone to form chlorine monoxide.
The buildup of carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere. Are the result of the combustion of fossil fuels. Absorb infrared radiation that reflects off the earth from the sun and traps it in the atmosphere.
Rain that has an abnormally low pH due to the presence of certain oxides, which are pollutants produced by human activities.
Compounds with the same chemical formula but a different geometrical arrangement of atoms.
Hydrocarbons with a ring structure, for example benzene (C6H6)
The point during a titration where just enough titrant (in moles) has been added to completely neutralize the acid or base. At this point, no unreacted titrant or unknown acid/base remain in the solution.
Two protons and neutrons split off from the nucleus because it is too heavy.
An electron is pulled off a neutron which turns into a proton because there are too many neutrons and too few protons.
A positron (positive electron) is pulled off a proton, which turns into a neutron because there are too many protons and too few neutrons.
A nucleus releases energy in the form of high-energy radiation because there is too much energy.
The rate of radioactive decay of a substance.
The incorrect idea that electrons orbit the nucleus like planets orbit the sun
Electrons are located in orbitals, not orbits. Also, you cannot known an electron's position and momentum both at the same time.
Matter can be thought of as having properties of both a particle and a wave.
A reaction that will occur at a given temperature without an input of energy.
molar heat capacity
The mole version of specific heat.
A flask for heating liquids. Allows stirring.
A flask for boiling liquids. Prevents excessive evaporation and splashing.
Used to add small amounts of liquid to a solution. Not precise because the drop sizes can vary for each type of pipette.
Used to transfer small and precise volumes of liquid from one containe to anoer.
mortar and pestle
Used to grind solids into powders for dissolving or mixing.
Rubber bulb used to draw liquid into a pipette.
Used to hold funnels or other vessels in conjunction with a stand.
A hard tipped rubber scraper used to transfer precipitate.
Used to transfer small amounts of liquid. Suited only for one particular volume, and as a result is very accurate.
Phenolphthalein is ___ in acidic solution.
Phenolphthalein is ___ in basic solution.
Is pink in acidic solution and blue in basic solution.
An extremely unstable, high-energy arrangement of atoms. Reactants must form one of these before products can be made. (Also called a transition state)
Moles per liter (M)
Moles per kilogram (m)
1 atm (atmosphere) = ___ torrs
1 calorie = ___ joules