Nationals Origins Act of 1924
A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians. The policy stayed in effect until the 1960s.
an American aviator, engineer , and Pulitzer Prize winner. He was famous for flying solo across the Atlantic, paving the way for future aviational development.
Missouri-born, Harvard educated poet; took up residence in England; wrote the WasteLand
F. Scott Fitzgerald
friend of Hemingway; wrote about bootleggers and flappers; about rich young who partied but could not find happines; hero to college and flappers
American author that had a reputation as an outstanding practitioner of naturalism.
American novelist who attacked American society with irony- First American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature
Ernest Hemingway fought in Italy in 1917. He later became a famous author who wrote "The Sun Also Rises" (about American expatriates in Europe) and "A Farewell to Arms." In the 1920's he became upset with the idealism of America versus the realism he saw in World War I. He was very distraught, and in 1961 he shot himself in the head.
American writer of experimental novels, poetry, essays, operas, and plays. In Paris during the 1920s she was a central member of a group of American expatriates that included Ernest Hemingway. Her works include Three Lives (1908), Tender Buttons (1914), and The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1933).
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
This man was well known for making the Harlem Renaissance famous because of his poems.
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
gov. buys crops to sell to other places
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Congress set up $2 billion. It made loans to major economic institutions such as banks, insurance companies and railroads.
closed all banks until gov. examiners could investigate their financial condition; only sound/solvent banks were allowed to reopen
A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration. He helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans.
As senator in 1932 of Washington preached his "Share Our Wealth" programs. It was a 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes in excess of $5 million. With this money Long proposed to give every American family a comfortable income, etc
A Roman Catholic from Canada faous for his use of a radio to reach a large audience during the 1930s. critic of FDR and had strong feelings for it, was asupporter of Nationalism, and lost supporters after praising Hitler and Mussolini on his radio show.
American physician and social reformer whose plan for a government-sponsored old-age pension was a precursor of the Social Security Act of 1935.
one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. He wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Grapes of Wrath, published in 1939 and the novel Of Mice and Men, published in 1937. In all, he wrote twenty-five books, including sixteen novels, six non-fiction books and several collections of short stories. In 1962 Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Indian Reorganization Act
Restored tribal ownership of lands, recognized tribal constitutions and government, and provided loans for economic development.
Social Security Act
One of the most important features of the Second New Deal established a retirement for persons over 65 funded by a tax on wages paid equally by employee and employer.
Secretary of Labor Francis Perkins
was the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman appointed to the U.S. Cabinet. As a loyal supporter of her friend, Franklin D. Roosevelt, she helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition. She and Interior Secretary Harold Ickes were the only original members of the Roosevelt cabinet who remained in offices for his entire presidency.
Congress of Industrial Organizations
Orginially began as a group of unskilled workers who organized themselves into effective unions. As there popularity grew they came known for the revolutionary idea of the "sit down strike", there efforts lead to the passage of the Fair Labor Standard Act and the organization continued to thrive under the New Deal.( page 790-791)
Ran against FDR in the 1936 election. He was weak on the radio and weaker in personal compaigning, and while he criticized FDR's spending, he also favored enough of FDR's New Deal to be ridiculed by the Democrats as an unsure idiot.
Period from March to Junre 1933 when Congress passed major legislation submitted by Roosevelt to deal with the Depression
Umemployed WWI veterans who came to Washington in spring of 1932 to demand imediate payment of the bonus Congress had voted them in 1922.
Court Packing Proposal
In the wake of Supreme Court decidions that declared key pieces of New Deal legislation unconstitiutional, Roosevelt proposed increasing the number of justices. If a justice did not retire at the age of 70, the President could appoint an additional justice up to a maximum of 6.
The English economist John Maynard Keynes proposed that governments cut taxes and increase spending in order to stimilate investment and consumption. THe effect was to increase the deficit becuase more money was spend than was taken in.
A reduction in avaliable currency and credit that results in a decrease in the general price level
Shanty towns that the unemployed built in the cities during the early years of the Depression; the name given to them shows that the people blamed Hoover directly for the Depression
Term coined by Gertrude Stein to describe American expatriate writers of the 1920s; include TS Eliot, F Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway and Stein herself
a moderat and temporary decline in the economy
Popular image of the decade as a period of prosperity optimism and changing morals, best symbolized by the flapper
Sick Chicken Case
In Schechter Poultry v. U.S. the Supreme Court struck down the National Industrial Recovery Act as unconstitiutional.
Monetary assistance by a government to a person, group or comercial enterprise
a social system whereby the state assumes priamry responsibility for the economic and social well-being of its citizens