the testes and ovaries function in the production of gametes
sperm cells and oocytes (ova)
storage tubes that transport gametes
Testicle and Ovary
hormone producers for primary and secondary sex characteristics
Accessory sex glands
Produce fluids and nutrients that support gametes and their movement
the production of sperm cells inside the testicles through meiosis
Spermatogenesis and hormone production
a thin walled sac outside of the pelvic cavity that holds and encases the testicle.
Microscopic coiled small tubules where spermatogenesis occurs and they direct sperm toward the top of the testicle.
stores the sperm and then becomes one tubule to move sperm into a single vas deferens from each testicle
a tubule that ascendes into the pelvic cavity and joins the ejaculatory duct
joins the vas deferens into the pelvic cavity.
contains spermatic cord with arteries, veins and nerves that pass through this to the abdominal wall in the inguinal area.
vas deferens and seminal vesicle join
ejaculatory duct connects with this of the prostate gland and eventually into the penile urethra
Three accessory glands
Seminal vesicles, prostate and bulbourethral gland (Cowper's glands)
the sperm from the testicles with the secretions of three glands make the mixture of this.
the testicle is also this that produces a group of androgens
produced by the endocine gland, testosterone or masculinizing hormones.
male organ of copulation. It consists of a shaft whichis covered by a thin loosely skin and an expanded tip, the glans penis
skin which folds over the gland is usually surgically removed (circumcision)
a single cylinder of the same lenght
encircles the penile urethra beneath the cavernosa tissue.
Functions of Ovaries
Production of gametes (ova) and hormone production (estrogen and progesterone)
Broad ligament (mesovarium)
it holds the ovary and also covers the uterus
secures in place the ovary to the uterus.
attaches the ovary to the pelvic wall.
inside the ovaries somatic body cells called primary follicles undergo meiosis to produce ova
Urterine tube (fallopian tube) or oviduct
transmits the ova from the area of the ovary into the uterus
the fallopian tube contains this at the ovarian end
Serves as the site of pregnancy and as a part of the pathway for sperm to reach the uterine tube , it squeezes between the urinary bladder and rectum.
Three Parts of the uterus
Fundus, body and cervix
the opening for the uterus at the vagina
three layers of the uterine wall
endometrium, myometrium and perimetrium
is the female organ for copulation and also functions as the major birth canal
Greater Vestibular glands
Located at the opening of the vagina to the outside, lubricates the vaginal surface for intercourse
secrets hormones: estrogen, progesterone
considered feminizing hormones
prepares the endometrium for the implantation of a fertilized ovum and then pregnancy
grouping of the external genital organs: Mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, and clitoris
comparable erectile tissue to the penis and is considered to be homologous to that structure
Mammary Glands (breast)
intended for lactation and feeding a new born. Long clusters of glandular tissue that secretes milk, adipose around glands. Contains lots of blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves.
darker pigmented circle on the breast encircling a protruding nipple.