Theory of attachment; infants ; strange situation test/model. secure/insecure
conformity experiment; required subjects to match lines
social learning theory; learned aggression; Bobo doll experiment; social cognition
I. Q. tests; with Simon, Paris
studied identical twins separated at birth; Thomas
linguist; innate propensity to develop language; "deep structure"
memory; nonsense syllables; forgetting curve and overlearning
neo-freudian; stage theory of psychological development
austrian; founded psychoanalysis; unconscious independent of conscious; sex-drive; oedipus complex
conditioned taste aversion; rats
feminist critique of Kolhberg's moral development theory; women's moral sense guided by relationships
attachment in monkeys with artificial mothers
empiricist; founder of functionalism; use of perception; pragmatist; first psych text - The Principles of Psychology; "stream of consciousness"
longitudinal studies on temperament (infancy to adolescence), theory children either inhibited or uninhibited, rejects attachment theory
semi-starvation experiments; psych effects of hunger
moral stages of development theory; children
memory construction and the misinformation effect; created doubts about accuracy of eye-witness testimony
humanistic psychologist; "Hierarchy of Needs" ; "self-actualization"
"shocking" (Ha!) experiments on obedience
classical conditioning; famous experiments with dogs
theory of cognitive development in children; stage theory of intelligence; development stages
humanistic psychologist; founded person-centered therapy, unique quality of humans esp. freedom and potential for personal growth, unconditional positive regard, fully functioning person
field of emotion; 2 factor theory-physiological happens first, cognitive appraisal made in order to experience emotion
behaviorist; pioneer operant conditioning; learned response- determined by past history of rewards and punishments. skinner box -used to study reinforcement on pidgeons and rats; animal=human behavior
pioneer operant conditioning; concepts in intstrumental learning such as law of effect; cats in puzzle boxes; IQ tests
developed behaviorist thought (with Skinner); "Little Albert" experiments on fear conditioning
Benjamin Lee Whorf
famous for describing concept of "liguistic determinism"
father of psychology, opened first psychology research lab in Leipzig; research on workings of senses; applied scientific method to psychology
social psychology; proved behavior depends on roles asked to play; Stanford Prison Study-power of social roles to influence behavior, Built on Milgram
recurring response to stress; general adaptation syndrome
neo-Freudian, psychodynamic; criticized Freud, personality molded by current fears and impulses, social and cultural influences rather than childhood experiences and instincts; concept of "basic anxiety"
neo-Freudian, adopted ego/superego from Freud, disagreed on unconscious, proposed a collective unconscious; self realization; personality types
field of learning; Positive Psychology, Dogs demonstrating learned helplessness
founder of Gestalt therapy
psychoanalyst, Neo-Freudian; "inferiority complex" and superiority" as unconscious drives; birth order
Developed "rational emotive behavior therapy" (REBT)
pioneer in Cognitive Therapy. Suggested negative beliefs cause depression.
trait theory of personality; 3 levels of traits: cardinal, central, and secondary
survival of a horrible industrial accident taught us the role of the frontal lobes
Critic of trait theory., Social-Cognitive Learning Theories; people's personality traits not consistent across all situations.
wrote "On Death and Dying"; developed 5 stage theory of grief
Founded ethyology; studied instinctive behavior in animals, greylag geese and jackdaws; principle of imprinting
1225-75, St. Thomas; "5 ways", proofs for God
St. Ansehm of Cantebury
ontological argument for the existence of God
Platos student; criticized theory of forms; developed systematized logic
anthropologist; patterns of culture
Augustine of Hippo
neo-platonist; 4-5 century
idealist, mental representations/impressions fundamental
father of modern anthropology; scientific method
rationalist; mind-body distinct; "I think therefore I am"; Cartesian Dualism
Separation of mind and matter, allowed something to be investigated independently by reason
anatomist/physiologist; study of nervous system, brain;founded phrenology
heredity IQ tests; Sir Francis
anthropologist; symbolic anthropology; thoughts symbols.
sociologist; social interaction
idealist; teleology; theory of dialectic; synthesis of thesis and antithesis; teleological orientation (after Berkley)
influenced existentialism; "Being and Time"; phenomenology
empiricist; Scottish; induction
father of phenomenology
idealist; categorical imperative; moral universalism; syllogism; 3 maxims "critique of reason"; free will; deductive reasoning- a priori; deontological ethics
founder existentialism; Danish; Soren
rationalist; deduction; Descartes
empiricist; tabula rosa; important to age of enlightenment; Declaration of Independence; attacked Divine right of kings
gestaltist; worked with chimps
anthropologist; groundwork in ethnographic fieldwork
empiricist; "Utilitarianism"; "Our Liberty"
existentialist; "Ubermensch" superman; not bound by right and wrong
sociologist; developed Structural Functionalism
Occam's Razor=simpler explanations are preferable to complex ones; "parsimony"
PENSEES: Known for his wager, Applied cartesian Dualism to Christianity
American sociologist known for his work on race
conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex
theory of forms; things are shadows of objects of knowledge which are universal; his writings- basis of western philosophy
romantic; philosopher of education; one leader of enlightenment; "The Social Contract'
founder of Analytic Philosophy; linguist; Pacifism; logic; epistemology; Bertrand
critique of Cartesian Dualism; philosophy and language; logical positivist; vienna circle
A group of philosophers in Vienna during the early part of the twentieth century. They took the position that all that could not be verified was nonsense.
existentialist; "Being and Nothingness'; play "No Exit"
anthropologist; "Structural Anthropology"; culture system of symbolic communication
oral teachings transcribed by student Plato; Q + A teaching; hemlock
logical positivist; philosophy of language
field theory of personality
analytic theory of personality
ethical theory concerned with outcome, whether an action produces greater good in the world
study of the nature of being, Parmenides