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Which of the following statements about adolescents today is TRUE?

Most adolescents display a healthy self-image.

__________ is a girl's first menstruation.

Menarche

__________ is/are to females what __________ is/are to males.

estradiol; testosterone

When Shelby began puberty before she was 8 years of age, she was considered to have __________.

precocious puberty

Which of the following occurs first in male sexual maturation?

increase in penis and testicle size

Which of the following statements regarding puberty is TRUE?

Late-maturing girls are usually taller and thinner in late adolescence

During adolescence, the development of the ____________ improves the ability to process information.

corpus callosum

There has been a dramatic increase in what type of sex during adolescence?

oral

The use of contraceptives by U.S. high school students has increased from 46.2% in 1991 to ___ in 2007.

61.5%

In a single act of unprotected sex, a teenage girl has a _____ risk of acquiring genital herpes.

30%

Which of the following statements regarding adolescent pregnancy is FALSE?

America's adolescent pregnancy rate is among the lowest in the Western world.

Mary Carskadon found through her research that when given the opportunity, adolescents will sleep almost _____ hours.

9 hours and 25 minutes

Smoking is likely to begin in grades _____ through _____.

7; 9

A recent trend of substance abuse is _________.

prescription painkillers

Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa include which characteristic?

association with depression and/or anxiety

Piaget's stage describing adolescent cognitive development is called

formal operational.

__________ is the heightened sense of self-consciousness in adolescence, described by David Elkind.

Adolescent egocentrism

Adolescents feel that they are invincible. Elkind called this

personal fable.

__________ is a form of education that promotes social responsibility in the community.

Service learning

Erikson's psychosocial stage of development for adolescents is called:

identity versus identity confusion.

A person's spiritual beliefs are part of her/his __________ identity.

religious

Who identified four identity statuses for adolescence?

James Marcia

In identity diffusion, crisis is __________ and commitment is __________.

absent; absent

____________ is the status of individuals who have undergone a crisis and made a commitment.

Identity achievement

__________ is an enduring, basic aspect of self that includes a sense of membership in a cultural group and the attitudes and feelings related to that membership.

Ethnic identity

Which of these statements regarding adolescents and parents is TRUE?

Conflict between parents and adolescents serves a positive developmental function.

Which of the following strategies is NOT recommended advice for adolescents who would like to make friends?

Be psychologically aggressive.

Mary is a cheerleader and also plays volleyball. She spends most of her time with other athletes. Based on these premises to what type of group does Mary belong?

crowd

Concerning romantic relationships, ________ occurs at about 14 to 16 years of age.

exploring romantic relationships

__________ is a ceremony or ritual that marks an individual's transition from one status to another.

A rite of passage

On average, adolescents spend the most time on which activity?

watching television

watching television

females.

__________ is (are) the third leading cause of death in adolescents.

Suicide

All the following are common components in programs designed to prevent or reduce adolescent problems EXCEPT:

peer mediation

According to Arnett, which of the following are NOT key features that characterize emerging adulthood?

commitment to others

In the United States, which of the following is the most widely recognized marker of entry into adulthood?

holding a more-or-less permanent full-time job

Regarding early adult health knowledge and behavior, which of the following statements is TRUE?

In early adulthood, few people stop to think about how their personal lifestyles will affect their health later in their adult lives.

Which of the following is NOT characteristic of physical development in early adulthood?

large changes in the sensory systems

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, what percentage of American adults 20 years of age and older are obese?

33%

All the following biological factors EXCEPT __________ are involved in obesity.

a change in the human genome

Regarding alcohol and drug use, which of the following statements is TRUE?

Cultural variations underscore the environment's role in alcoholism.

Which of the following conclusions was NOT made by the 1994 survey of sexual practices among Americans?

Americans' sexual lives are more liberal than suggested by previous surveys.

Regarding the development of a nonheterosexual sexual orientation, which of the following statements is TRUE?

Sexual orientation is determined by a combination of factors.

Sexually transmitted infections affect about one in every ______ adults.

6

Which of the following is NOT a protective measure against AIDS?

taking acyclovir

__________ is when one person uses his or her power over another individual in a sexual manner.

Sexual harassment

Which theorist suggests that young adults become less idealistic as they enter the work force and face the constraints of reality?

Gisela Labouvie-Vief

According to William Perry, adolescent thinking is __________, and adult thinking is __________.

absolute; relative

__________ is a characteristic of postformal thought.

Knowing that the correct answer may vary from situation to situation

Researchers have found that creativity peaks in one's _____.

40s

A recent survey states that the main sources of stress included all of the following EXCEPT:

forced objectives

Which of the following statements regarding work in early adulthood is FALSE?

In the United States, one-half of all lawyers, physicians, computer scientists, and chemists today are females.

Which of the following aspects of childhood temperament is related to delayed entry into a stable job track during adulthood?

inhibition

Tom, a young adult, is often emotional, possessive and demands closeness in his relationships. His adult attachment style would be described as

anxious.

Computer dating services ask questions about a person's characteristics and attitudes. This practice demonstrates that __________ is an important component in interpersonal attraction.

similarity

__________ provides an explanation about why people are attracted to others who are similar to them in attitudes and values.

Consensual validation

What is Erikson's sixth stage of socioemotional development, which describes the most important issues dealt with in early adulthood?

intimacy versus isolation

__________ love is to romantic love as __________ love is to affectionate love.

Passionate; compassionate

Which researcher is known for studying romantic love and suggesting that sexual desire is the most important ingredient of romantic love?

Ellen Berscheid

According to Robert Sternberg, consummate love involves the presence of

passion, intimacy, and commitment.

Which of the following statements regarding gender differences in friendships is TRUE?

Women's friendships are more intimate.

According to Popenoe, et al, all of the following EXCEPT _______ are problems that many couples who cohabit face.

sexual problems

In the United States, the average duration of a marriage is just over ______ years.

9

Many people remarry not for love but for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:

religious reasons

Which of John Gottman's successful marriage principles is reflected in his advice to regulate emotions, compromise, and be tolerant of each other's faults?

solving solvable conflicts

According to Hetherington which of the following pathways for divorcees is described by one who spends time in singles bars and has casual sex for about a year then begins to want a stable relationship?

The libertine

Which of the following statements regarding marriage is TRUE?

Happily married people live longer, healthier lives than divorced people or those who are unhappily married.

Which of the following statements regarding parenting roles is TRUE?

One of the consequences of having fewer children is that men are apt to invest a greater amount of time in fathering.

According to Tannen, men's lack of ______ talk bothers many women.

rapport

Puberty is?

The period of rapid skeletal and sexual maturation

a process not an event

Puberty

Steps in Male Puberty

1. Increase Penis size and enlargement of Testicles
2. Straight pubic hair
3. The voice changes
4. Wet Dreams
5. Pubic hair becomes kinky
6. Growth Spurt
7. Much more mature voice
8. Facial Hair

Steps in Female Puberty

1. Breast bud
2. Pubic hair
3. Arm pit hair
4. growth spurt
5. Hips Widen
6. Menarche

Menarche

age of 1st menstruation declined by 4 years per decade during the last century in the U.S.- 12.9 years old

what are the 3 leading causes of death in adolescence?

1. accidents
2. Homicide
3. Suicide

when is physical development peak?

19-26

What are the 2 markers for becoming an adult?

1. Economic Indpendence-holding a job
2. Independent decision making (taking responsibility for ones self)

When does peak health conditions start to decline?

at age 30

What are the differences in the traits that men and women look for in a mate?

Women- consideration, kindness, dependability, and the pocketbook.
Men- looks, cooking skills, and frugality

Adult life styes

1. Single adults
2. Cohabiting adults-fewer than 1 out of 10 relationships last 5 years

What the average age for marriage ?

Men- 27.5
Women- 25.6

Divorce

little less than half of all marriages end in divorce

remarriage

50% of all divorced individuals remarry within 3 years- men sooner than women.

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