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World History SOL Review- Chapter 4

Loess

Fine windblown yellow soil

Dikes

Wall build along a river to protect from floods

Bureaucracy

Government organized into different levels and tasks.

Animism

Belief that spirits inhabit everything.

Oracle Bones

Bones used by Chinese priests to predict future.

Calligraphy

Type of "fancy" writing

Autocracy

Government in which the ruler holds absolute power.

Civil Service

Centralized system that runs the day to day workings of the government

Qin

Dynasty that was the first true empire of China

Great Wall

Wall built in China to protect from invaders

Silk Road

Trade route from China to Mediterranean.

Yin

Female- dark side

Yang

Male - Light side

Confucius

Philosopher- believed in family, respect for elders, and reverence for past ancestors

Analects

sacred text of Confucianism

Laozi

founded Daoism

Legalism

School of Chinese philosophy that dealt with politics.

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