Return to Normalcy
Warren G. Harding's campaign slogan to take the country back to life before WWI
the doctrine that states that government generally should not intervene in the marketplace
Teapot Dome Scandal
symbol of government corruption; government oil reserves were secretly leased to oil companies in exchange for financial compensation
The Secretary of the Interior who accepted bribes from an oil company and started the Teapot Dome Scandal.
an investment that is very risky but could yield great profits
Buying on Margin
An option that allowed investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price and borrow the rest
Replacing people with machines to do the work
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
Hawley Smoot Tariff
charged a high tax for imports thereby leading to less trade between America and foreign countries along with some economic retaliation
the willingness of individuals to stand along and struggle long and hard to survive and prosper
money or food given directly from the gov. to the needy
A payment plan that allows customers to make payments at set intervals over a period of time until the total debt is paid
too much production or more than expected
Names given to shantytowns created during the Depression
charity that fed homeless and jobless free soup during the depression.
WWI Veterans who went to DC to request their pay from the government. Hoover sends in the Army to break up the marchers.
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
By 1940 90% owned this device, listened to music, ball games, soap operas, and dramas
Propaganda that tries to convince consumers to buy your product
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
A style of music developed by African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance in the 1920's.
Silent and Talkies
Movies went from no speaking to containing sound.
The Jazz Singer
1927 - The first movie with sound; this "talkie" was about the life of famous jazz singer; Al Jolson.
The Lost Generation
Post WWI writers that left a sense of dislocation and alienation. They felt the real America had been lost or distorted.
African American writer of the Harlem Renaissance, wrote about life in the cities
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Critic of 1920's materialism lost generation author of The Great Gatsby
Lost Generation writer, who criticized war in his writings
American novelist who attacked American society with irony- First American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature
bars that operated illegally during the time of Prohibition
Smugglers of illegal alcohol during the Prohibition era
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs
American hero who was the first to fly solo from New York to Paris
model t, rural people can travel to cities, new industries such as roads gas stations and rest stops
Radio speeches giving Americans hope during the depression; given by FDR
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa.
universal negro improvement association; founded by garvey to end racism through seperation of races
Early civil rights leader and founder of the NAACP. Du Bois demanded equality for African-Americans
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality
Zora Neal Hurston
Harlem Renaissance author who wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God
Conservative beliefs in the Bible and that it should be literally believed and applied
John T Scopes
high school science teacher arrested for teaching evolution. Shows conflict between religion and science.
Famous Evangelist of the 1920's
Aimee Semple McPherson
Evangelist who gained notoriety as she preached the fundamentalist message nationwide over the radio
she organized a birth-control movement which openly championed the use of contraceptives in the 1920's.
The government spends more money than it takes in tax revenue
New Deal program of disability and retirement benefits that covers most working people
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: federal guarantee of savings bank deposits
Securities and Exchange Commission
An agency of the government that regulates financial markets and investment companies
Public Works Administration
(PWA) Set up employment for jobs during the Depression concerning public water and electricity projects
Civilian Conservation Corps
Gave young unemployed men jobs in fixing land and erosion problems.
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Restricted production during the New Deal by paying farmers to reduce crop area.
Tennessee Valley Authority
New Deal Program that built dams to provide cheap electric power to seven southern states
National Industrial Recovery Act
Industrial Program within the New Deal, ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
Work Progress Administration
Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
National Labor Relations Act
Outlawed company unions and other unfair labor practices in order to insure collective bargaining for unions.
Fair Labor Standards Act
set up 40 hr. work weeks, established minimum wage, and outlawed child labor
Father Charles Coughlin
catholic priest and popular radio broadcaster who criticized FDR
U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, and the first woman ever appointed to the cabinet.