Snip presidency

27 terms by dsnip08 

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impeachment

when congress votes in the house to charge a gov't official and a 2/3 vote in the senate will remove that offical.

Bill clinton

impeached for obstruction of justice. was not removed from office

Richard Nixon

resigned the presidency before he was impeached

Andrew Johnson

impeached for violating the "tenure of office act", was one vote short from being removed.

pardon

Presidential power to free a person in jail or prevent a citizen from being tried in court. Pres. Ford did this for Nixon

constitutional requirements

must be at least 35, a natural born citizen and at least 14 year resident

executive agreement

foreign policy "mini-treaty" between the president and leader of a foreign nation; does NOT require the difficult to receive Senate approval

commander in chief

presidents duty as leader of the armed forces; in wartime this usually brings extra power

War Powers Act

allows president to make war for 60-90 days without Congressional approval.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

law passed in 1964 that granted the president powers to commit unlimited numbers of troops for an unlimited amount of time in Vietnam

Office of Management & budget

powerful bureacracy allocates funds to other departments through the budget process. If you tick off the director he/she could cut your funds and change how your agency operates!

state of the union

speech where president outlines the goals of his administration for the coming year.

cabinet

an advisory group that is not required by the constitution but started its existence because George Washington wanted advice

electoral college

50 state elections that indirectly elect the president

veto

the threatened use of this power allows presidential input on congressional lawmaking

12th amendment

this amendment placed the president and vice pres. on the same ballot to avoid the confusion of the election of 1800

22nd amendment

This restricts a president from being elected to more than two terms

25th amendment

allows the president to appoint a vice - president if that office becomes vacant BUT Congress must approve with a majority vote

judicial appointment

presidential privilege to appoint judges with senate confirmation

line item veto

this shortlived pres. power was cancelled by Clinton vs New York

recognition

diplomatic power that conveys legitimacy and importance to new nations

patronage

appoint supporters to bureacratic and diplomatic positions

White House chief of staff

person who is close pres. advisor and heads the Executive Office of the President (Nat. Sec. Council, O.M.B., Council of Economic Advisors, etc

executive privilege

idea that presidential discussions can be secret so that advisors can speak candidly

john Tyler

vice-president who set precedent that VP's assume ALL pres powers when president dies

speaker of the house

who would become president if pres and VP are killed or incapacitated

executive order

A rule issued by the president that has the force of law; (example: an instruction to bureaucratic agency on how to implement congressional law)

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